Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn


  • Heinz MehlhornEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_4311

Tradename of the arsenic antisyphilis compound  arsphenamine, which was developed by Paul  Ehrlich. The name is derived from Latin salvare = rescue and sanus = healthy. This product, which in 1910 came on the market by Hoechst AG (Frankfurt, Germany), was the first in a long series of chemicals in the today ongoing century of chemotherapy and was so successful that is was transported even during the First World War (1914–1918) from Germany to the USA by help of submarines. Starting point of this very successful chemical compound was the  Atoxyl, which Robert  Koch and others tested against  African trypanosomiasis.

Further Readings

  1. Ehrlich P, Bertheim A (1912) Ueber das salzsaure 3.3-diamino-4.4-dioxy-arsenobenzol und seine nächsten Verwandten. Berichte dt Chem Gesell 45:754–766Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany