Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Schistosoma Species

  • Heinz MehlhornEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_2822

Name and Biology

Greek: schizein = divide; soma = body. The name refers to the fact that this genus, which formerly had been described as Bilharzia has two sexes in contrast to other  Digenea.

This genus of the digenetic trematodes within the worm phylum Platyhelminthes (= flat worm) contains several species, which produce in contrast to the other hermaphroditic trematodes male and female individuals. The development of a single schistosomal worm includes several stages (adult worm, egg, miracidium, sporocysts, cercaria, schistosomulum), which parasitizes final hosts (humans, vertebrates) and intermediate hosts (water snails).

All Schistosoma species are not host specific, and thus some common and relevant species were presented here in two groups: (1) those which are important for humans and (2) those which are important for animals living close to humans. Their general life cycle is shown in Fig. 1.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Further Readings

  1. Becker B et al (1980) LM and TEM studies on the effect of praziquantel on Schistosoma mansoni, Dicrocoelium dendriticum and Fasciola hepatica. Parasitol Res 63:113–128Google Scholar
  2. Corapi WV et al (2011) Multi-organ involvement of Heterobilharzia americana in a dog. J Vet Diagn Invest 23:826–831PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dvorak J et al (2002) Comparison of European Trichobilharzia species based on ITS1 and ITS2 sequences. Parasitology 124:307–313PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gabriel S et al (2007) Perinatal priming of calves borne to Schistosoma mattheei-infected dams. Vet Parasitol 144:61–67PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gönnert R (1955) Schistosomiasis. Studien I, II. Z Tropenmed Parasitol 6:1–51Google Scholar
  6. Hams E et al (2013) The Schistosoma granuloma: friend or foe? Front Immunol. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2013.00089.eCollection 2013PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Krampitz HE et al (1974) Zerkariendermatitis. Münch Med Wschr 166:1491–1496Google Scholar
  8. Lemaitre M et al (2013) Coinfection with Plasmodium falciparum and Schistosoma heamatobium: additional evidence of the protective effect of schistosomiasis on malaria in Senegalese children. Am J Trop Med Hyg. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.12-0431PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Liu R et al (2011) Efficacy of praziquantel and artemisinin derivates for the treatment and prevention of human schistosomiasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Parasite Vectors 4:201–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. McCreesh N, Booth M (2013) Challenges in predicting the effects of climate change on Schistosoma mansoni and Schistosoma haematobium transmission potential. Trends Parasitol 29:548–555PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mehlhorn H et al (1982) Light and electron microscopical studies on Schistosoma mansoni granulomas following treatment with praziquantel. Trop Med Parasitol 33:229–239Google Scholar
  12. Mehlhorn H et al (1983) Ultrastructural investigations of the effects of praziquantel on human trematodes from Asia (Clonorchis sinensis, Metagonimus yokogawai, Opisthorchis viverrini, Paragonimus westermani, Schistosoma japonicum). Drug Res 33:91–98Google Scholar
  13. Moné M et al (2000) The distribution of Schistosoma bovis. Adv Parasitol 44:99–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Piekarski G (1987) Medical parasitology in plates. Springer, HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  15. Vercruysse J et al (1985) Pathology of Schistosoma curassoni infection in sheep. Parasitology 91:291–300PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Wang W et al (2012) Susceptibility or resistance of praziquantel in human schistosomiasis: a review. Parasitol Res 111:1871–1877PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Webster BL et al (2013) Introgressive hybridization of Schistosoma haematobium group species in Senegal: species barrier break down between ruminant and human schistosomes. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2110PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Xiao SH et al (2014) Mefloquine in combination with hemin causes severe damage to adult Schistosoma japonicum in vitro. Acta Trop 131:71–78PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ye Q et al (2013) In vitro cultivation of Schistosoma japonicum parasites and cells. Biotech Adv 31:1722–1737CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für ZoomorphologieZellbiologie und Parasitologie, Heinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany