Schaudinn, Fritz (1871–1906)
Reference work entry
Fritz Richard Schaudinn was a German zoologist, who contributed several well-known and important insights in the world of free-living and parasitic protozoans, as well as on bacteria. Together with the medical practitioner Erich Hoffmann he discovered the agents of syphilis ( Treponema = syn. Spirochaeta pallida) in the year 1905, which were mentioned before the publication of John Siegel for a flagellate which he named Cytohyctes lues. Just before his early death due to a laboratory infection he detected that the amoeba Entamoeba histolytica was the agent of the amoebic diarrhea. His observations on the life cycle of Plasmodium species (done in 1901 in Rovinj, Croatia, on demand of the Berlin Health Authorities) confirmed the results of Rossand Grassi. In April 1906, he got a position at the Hamburg Tropical Institute, but his death already at the end of June 1906 stopped his enormous scientific research work. He founded in the year 1902 the journal “Archiv für Protistenkunde,”...
- Schaudin FR, Hoffmann E (1905) Vorläufiger Bericht über das Vorkommen von Spirochaeten in syphilitischen Krankheitsprodukten und bei Papillomen. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
- Callins GH (1906) Fritz Schaudinn. Sci Ed XXIV(605):154–155Google Scholar
- Schlegel HG (2005) Schaudinn, Fritz Richard. In: Neue Dt. Biographie (NDB), vol 22. Duncker & Humblot, BerlinGoogle Scholar
- Schultz OT (1906) The distribution of Treponema pallidum in the tissues of congenital syphilis. Am Assoc Pathol Bacteriol 1:363–381Google Scholar
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016