Greek: sarx = meat, nema = filament.
Synonym of toxonema and micronema, which are small ovoid inclusions in the apical region of motile stages of Coccidia (merozoites, sporozoites, tachyzoites). Sarconema are the structures in the relevant stages of Sarcocystis stages.
Genus of nematodes of the family Onchocercidae in the myocard and walls of blood vessels of birds. These parasites are transmitted by Mallophaga. The sheathed microfilariae are rather short (120 μm) and are found in the blood. Sarconema erycerca was found in swans, goose, ducks in USA, Europe, and Russia. Vector is the feather-eating mallophag louse Trinoton anserinum.