Numerical Weather Prediction Basics: Models, Numerical Methods, and Data Assimilation

  • Zhaoxia PuEmail author
  • Eugenia Kalnay
Living reference work entry


Numerical weather prediction has become the most important tool for weather forecasting around the world. This chapter provides an overview of the fundamental principles of numerical weather prediction, including the numerical framework of models, numerical methods, physical parameterization, and data assimilation. Historical revolution, the recent development, and future direction are introduced and discussed.


Numerical weather prediction Numerical methods Physical parameterization Data assimilation 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Atmospheric SciencesUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic ScienceUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Huiling Yuan
    • 1
  • Zoltan Toth
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Global Systems DivisionEarth System Research Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationBoulderUSA

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