Verification of Meteorological Forecasts for Hydrological Applications

  • Eric GillelandEmail author
  • Florian Pappenberger
  • Barbara Brown
  • Elizabeth Ebert
  • David Richardson
Reference work entry


This chapter illustrates how verification is conducted with operational meteorological ensemble forecasts. It focuses on the main aspects of importance to hydrological applications, such as verification of point and spatial precipitation forecasts, verification of temperature forecasts, verification of extreme meteorological events, and feature-based verification.


Forecast verification Model evaluation Spatial statistics Spatial forecast verification Extreme-value verification 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric Gilleland
    • 1
    Email author
  • Florian Pappenberger
    • 2
  • Barbara Brown
    • 1
  • Elizabeth Ebert
    • 3
  • David Richardson
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Applications Laboratory, Weather Systems and Assessment ProgramNational Center for Atmospheric Research NCARBoulderUSA
  2. 2.European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, ECMWFReadingUK
  3. 3.Research and Development BranchBureau of Meteorology, BoMMelbourneAustralia

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