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Hydrological Cycles, Models, and Applications to Forecasting

  • Sharad K. JainEmail author
  • Vijay P. Singh
Reference work entry

Abstract

This chapter presents an overview of hydrology, water cycle, land surface processes (e.g., precipitation, snow, glaciers and frozen soils, evapotranspiration, surface and subsurface runoff, overland and river flow routing), and hydrologic modeling and its history. The chapter is concluded with an outlook for future.

Keywords

Hydrologic cycle Watershed Catchment Models Precipitation Evapotranspiration Surface water Ground Water Climate change Black-box Conceptual Distributed Calibration Validation Uncertainty Data Remote sensing GIS 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jal Vigyan BhawanNational Institute of HydrologyRoorkeeIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering and Zachry Department of Civil EngineeringTexas A and M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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