CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

Living Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti (Editor-in-Chief), Luc Laperrière (Editor-in-Chief), Gunther Reinhart (Editor-in-Chief), Tullio Tolio (Editor-in-Chief), The International Academy for Production

Manual Assembly

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35950-7_6624-4

Synonyms

Definition

Assembly in industrial contexts is the act of putting together components to form a product that consists of more than one part. Assembly is one of the essential elements in manufacturing systems since almost industrial products consist of several parts or component.

The Oxford dictionary defines assembly in the manufacturing context as “The action of fitting together the component parts of a machine or other object” (Oxford dictionary).

Manual assembly covers all operations where the main part of the operation is carried out manually. Some suboperations may be executed by machines like handheld electrical screwdrivers or similar. As long as the overall speed of operation is determined by then manual effort and the major part of all suboperations are manual, the whole assembly operation is classified as manual.

Single piece products do often need packaging which in a way is assembly, i.e., assembling the product and its wrapping. Although...

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References

  1. Bley H, Reinhart G, Seliger G, Bernardi M, Korne T (2004) Appropriate human involvement in assembly and disassembly. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 53(2):487–510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Holt K (1962) Bedriftslære (Science of industrial management). Aschehoug, OsloGoogle Scholar
  3. Krüger J, Lien TK, Verl A (2009) Cooperation of human and machines in assembly lines. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 58(2):628–646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lien TK, Rasch FO (2001) Hybrid automatic-manual assembly systems. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 50(1):21–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Maynard HB, Stegmerten GJ, Schwab JL (1944) Methods-time measurement. McGraw- Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Oxford dictionary online. http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/assembly. Accessed 25 Jan 2016
  7. Riggs JL (1987) Production systems: planning, analysis, and control, 4th edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringNTNU – Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway

Section editors and affiliations

  • Joerg Krueger
    • 1
  1. 1.IWFTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany