Production

  • Kosmas Alexopoulos
  • Sotiris Makris
  • George Chryssolouris
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35950-7_6568-4

Synonyms

Definition

The pure act or the process (or the connected series of acts or processes) of physically making a product from its material constituents, is distinct from designing the product, planning and controlling its production, by assuring its quality (CIRP Dictionary of Production Engineering 2004).

Note: (1) “Production” also designates the organizational unit of a manufacturing enterprise dealing with the fabrication of (series) products. (2) The term “fabrication” is particularly used to distinguishing production operations for components as opposed to assembly operations. (3) “Fabrication” is also used to describing the construction of assemblies by welding, e.g., a welded framework.

Theory and Application

Introduction

Production can be traced as far back as the late nineteenth century, when the onset of the industrial revolution resulted in the need for large-scale operations (Pontrandolfo and Okogbaa 1999).

In 1925, Henry Ford wrote in the American...

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References

  1. Cagliano R, Spina G (2003) Advanced manufacturing technologies and strategically flexible production. J Oper Manag 18(2):169–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chryssolouris G (2006) Manufacturing systems: theory and practice, 2nd edn. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Chryssolouris G, Makris S, Xanthakis V, Mourtzis D (2004) Towards the Internet-based supply chain management for the ship repair industry. Int J Comput Integr Manuf 17(1):45–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chryssolouris G, Papakostas N, Mavrikios D (2008) A perspective on manufacturing strategy: produce more with less. CIRP J Manuf Sci Technol 1(1):45–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. CIRP Dictionary of Production Engineering (2004) Manufacturing systems, vol 3, 1st edn. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  6. Hounshell DA (1985) From the American system to mass production, 1800–1932: the development of manufacturing technology in the United States. The Johns Hopkins University Press, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  7. Ohno T (1988) Toyota production system: beyond large-scale production. Productivity Press, New York CityGoogle Scholar
  8. Pine BJ II (1993) Mass customization: the new frontier in business competition. Harvard Business School Press, BostonGoogle Scholar
  9. Pontrandolfo P, Okogbaa O-G (1999) Global manufacturing: a review and a framework for planning in a global corporation. Int J Prod Res 37(1):1–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kosmas Alexopoulos
    • 1
  • Sotiris Makris
    • 1
  • George Chryssolouris
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems and Automation (LMS), Department of Mechanical Engineering and AeronauticsUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece

Section editors and affiliations

  • Günther Schuh
    • 1
  1. 1.Forschungsinstitut für Rationalisierung (FIR) e. VRWTH AachenAachenGermany