CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

Living Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Sami Chatti, Tullio Tolio


  • Peter KrajnikEmail author
  • Fukuo Hashimoto
Living reference work entry



Finishing is the final step in the manufacture of components which require the highest quality in terms of form, accuracy and surface integrity. Fine-finishing is an operation that adds functionality to the workpiece surface to enhance its quality characteristics.

Theory and Application

Finishing technology is used as a final added-value manufacturing process to obtain a desired surface quality, geometric form and accuracy. It typically removes a very small amount of material, on the scale of micrometer or less. Finishing processes often follow previous material-processing (e.g. casting, forging) and conventional machining operations (e.g. turning, milling, drilling and grinding). Numerous post-processes fall under the general term “finishing”, and sometimes several of them are used to achieve the final component quality. As hard-machining (e.g....

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Industrial and Materials ScienceChalmers University of TechnologyGothenburgSweden
  2. 2.Advanced Finishing Technology Ltd.AkronUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Konrad Wegener
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Werkzeugmaschinen und Fertigung (IWF)ETH ZürichZürichSwitzerland