Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

Stochastic Ground Motion Simulation

  • Sanaz RezaeianEmail author
  • Xiaodan Sun
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_239


Earthquake ground motion simulation; Nonstationary stochastic process; Stochastic models; Strong ground motion simulation; Synthetic accelerograms


Strong earthquake ground motion records are fundamental in engineering applications. Ground motion time series are used in  response-history dynamic analysis of structural or geotechnical systems. In such analysis, the validity of predicted responses depends on the validity of the input excitations. Ground motion records are also used to develop ground motion prediction equations (GMPEs) for intensity measures such as spectral accelerations that are used in  response-spectrum dynamic analysis. Despite the thousands of available strong ground motion records, there remains a shortage of records for large-magnitude earthquakes at short distances or in specific regions, as well as records that sample specific combinations of source, path, and site characteristics. The limited number of recordings has become problematic in...

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We would like to thank Mayssa Dabaghi, Morgan Moschetti, Ricardo Taborda, and the anonymous reviewer of this entry for their review and valuable feedback. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the US government.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.U.S. Geological SurveyGoldenUSA
  2. 2.Southwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina