Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

Seismic Strengthening Strategies for Heritage Structures

  • Dina D’AyalaEmail author
  • Sara Paganoni
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_199


The global seismic behavior of historic masonry buildings is highly influenced by the integrity of the connections among vertical and horizontal structural elements, to ensure the so-called box behavior. This, providing the transfer of inertial and dynamic actions from elements working in flexure out-of-plane to elements working in in-plane shear, leads to a global response best suited to the strength capacity of the constitutive materials and hence enhanced performance and lower damage level. Notwithstanding the importance of connections’ integrity, analytical checks of existing connecting elements, or design of new elements to strengthen existing connections, are generally based on qualitative rules or simplified overall checks, rather than rigorous analytical approach. The “Guidelines for Earthquake Resistant Non-Engineered Construction” were first published by the International Association for Earthquake Engineering (IAEE) in 1986 specifically with the objective of...

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic EngineeringUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Ziegert|Roswag|Seiler Architekten IngenieureBerlinGermany