Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

Seismic Design of Tunnels

  • Youssef M. A. HashashEmail author
  • Maria Ines Romero-Arduz
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_1


Cut-and-cover structures; Earthquakes; Free-field deformations; Immersed-tube tunnels; Nonlinear response; Racking; Soil-structure interaction; Tunnels


The complete enclosure in soil or rock makes their seismic behavior different than that of aboveground structures or superstructures. Underground structure seismic response is constrained by seismic response of the surrounding soil and cannot experience free vibrations as is the case for aboveground structures. This section focuses on the seismic analysis and design of large linear underground structures commonly used for metro structures, highway tunnels, and large water/sewage transportation ducts in urban areas and can be grouped into three broad categories: (1) bored or mined tunnels, (2) cut-and-cover tunnels, and (3) immersed tunnels (Fig. 1).
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Youssef M. A. Hashash
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria Ines Romero-Arduz
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2230c Newmark Civil Engineering LaboratoryUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA