Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

Living Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Fluid Sexuality

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27771-9_200251-1


The term “fluid sexuality/sexual fluidity” has many denotations, such as sexuality is not fixed but unstable; sexuality is not innate but a matter of choice; sexuality doesn’t exist and there are only preferences (Sexuality is Fluid 2015); and so on and so forth. The contemporary psychologists and religious gurus provide explanations to sexual fluidity, and they emphasize that it is not only fluid but also a complex field (Sexuality n.d.). The Hindu philosophy has a concept Tritiya Prakriti “third nature” (also the term employed for “third sex” and “third gender”), which includes people with different sexual orientations, including transgenders, transsexuals, masculine females, effeminate males, androgynes, intersexed, gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and alike. The Tritiya Prakritican roughly be translated as pansexual in English. To understand sexual fluidity, psychiatrists have devised sexual orientation grids, which divide sexual orientation into different categories...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Ardhanarishvara? When the Ultimate Man Became Half-Woman (2018, December 26) https://isha.sadhguru.org/in/en/wisdom/article/ardhanarishvara
  2. From Babur to Dara Shukoh: Fluid sexuality was never ‘unnatural’ during Mughal era (2018, September 16) https://www.dailyo.in/arts/section-377-from-babur-to-dara-shukoh-homosexuality-was-never-unnatural-during-mughal-era/story/1/26694.html
  3. Klein, F. (1978). The bisexual option: A concept of one-hundred percent intimacy. New York: Arbor House.Google Scholar
  4. Sexuality is Fluid [Video file] (2015, September 23) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3XR5pz8Jqkc
  5. What do Manusmriti and Dharmashastra have to say about homosexuality? (2016, December 31) https://www.dailyo.in/lifestyle/dharmashastra-manusmriti-karma-devdutt-pattanaik-mythology-hindu-epics/story/1/14814.html

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Humanities and Social Sciences – Languages and LiteratureShri Mata Vaishno Devi UniversityKatraIndia