Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

Living Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Arminianism

  • M. Alroy MascrengheEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27771-9_200229-1

Definition

Arminianism is a system of Christian theology which, while admitting that salvation is entirely by God’s grace, emphasizes God’s decision to respect man’s response to his saving grace. The other alternative school of thought is Calvinismz.

History

Jacobus Arminius (1559–1609) was a reformed Dutch theologian who studied under Theodore Beza in Geneva. His disagreements with the Calvinists began when he was serving as a pastor in Amsterdam. His refusal (in 1591) to defend the Calvinist doctrine of predestination was the beginning of a division that would continue for centuries. When the plague struck Amsterdam in 1601, Arminius was convinced that the Calvinist doctrine of predestination, when pushed too far would bring anxiety and depression in believers (Leeuwen et al. 2009); since everything is already predetermined, there is little one could do to change anything. When he was a professor of theology at Leiden, Arminius repudiated the causative effect of God’s foreknowledge....

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Bibliography

  1. Bangs, C. (1985). Arminius: A Study in the Dutch Reformation (2nd ed.). Grand Rapids: F. Asbury Press.Google Scholar
  2. Kosits, R. D. (2004). A loss of will: ‘Arminianism,’ nonsectarianism, and the erosion of American Psychology’s Moral Project, 1636–1890. Ph.D. Thesis, University of New Hampshire.Google Scholar
  3. Leeuwen, T. M. v., Stanglin, K. D., & Tolsma, M. (Eds.). (2009). Arminius, arminianism, and Europe: Jacobus Arminius (1559/60–1609) (Brill’s series in Church history, Vol. 39). Leiden/Boston: Brill.Google Scholar
  4. Olson, R. (2014). Arminianism – FAQ. SeedbedShorts.Google Scholar
  5. Stephens, Randall J. (2010). “The Holiness/Pentecostal/Charismatic Extension of the Wesleyan Tradition.” In Cambridge Companion to John Wesley, edited by Randy L. Maddox and Jason E. Vickers 262–81. Cambridge, UK ; New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Stanglin, Keith D., Mark G. Bilby, and Mark H. Mann (Eds.). (2014). Reconsidering Arminius: Beyond the Reformed and Wesleyan Divide. Nashville, Tennessee: Kingswood Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Methodist ChurchColomboSri Lanka
  2. 2.University of CapetownCape TownSouth Africa