Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

Living Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming


  • M. Alroy MascrengheEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27771-9_200229-1


Arminianism is a system of Christian theology which, while admitting that salvation is entirely by God’s grace, emphasizes God’s decision to respect man’s response to his saving grace. The other alternative school of thought is Calvinismz.


Jacobus Arminius (1559–1609) was a reformed Dutch theologian who studied under Theodore Beza in Geneva. His disagreements with the Calvinists began when he was serving as a pastor in Amsterdam. His refusal (in 1591) to defend the Calvinist doctrine of predestination was the beginning of a division that would continue for centuries. When the plague struck Amsterdam in 1601, Arminius was convinced that the Calvinist doctrine of predestination, when pushed too far would bring anxiety and depression in believers (Leeuwen et al. 2009); since everything is already predetermined, there is little one could do to change anything. When he was a professor of theology at Leiden, Arminius repudiated the causative effect of God’s foreknowledge....

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Methodist ChurchColomboSri Lanka
  2. 2.University of CapetownCape TownSouth Africa