Hijrat: The Islamic Psychology of Migration
Living reference work entry
Was not the earth of Allah wide spacious enough for you to emigrate therein? – Quran (4:97).
“ Hijrat” is an Arabic word, derived from “ hijr,” means “to depart.” It is also used for “to shift” or “abandonment.” In Islam, it generally means “to give up one’s own land” or “to migrate from one place to another place” mostly for the sake of Deen/faith and Allah. Hijrat as a term came into prominence from the Hijrat (migration) of the Prophet Muhammad PBUH and his followers from Mecca to the city of Medina in 622 A.D. The Islamic almanac starts from this remarkable event in the history. It counts years in “Hijri” as in Alexandrian CE/AD. Various interpretations of this term by different Islamic scholars has given multiplicity to its meanings. Enaytulla Subhani in his biography of Prophet, Mohammad-e-Arabi writes, “Leaving home and place for the sake of God is and settling in other place is called Hijrat” ( translation is mine 175). Thomas Patric-Huges in his Dictionary of Islamwrites, Hijrat...
- Al-Bukhari. Sahih Bukhari (Vol. 8), Book 76, Hadith 425. https://sunnah.com/bukhari/81. Accessed on 02 Feb 2018.
- Ali, K. (1981). A study of Islamic history. 2009: Idarah-i-Adabyat-i-Delli, New Delhi.Google Scholar
- At-Tirmidhi, Imãm Hãfiz Abü ‘Elsa Mohammad Ibn ‘Elsa. (2007). Jami At-Tirmidhi (Vol. 3) (trans: Khaliyl, A.). Jeddah: Darussalam.Google Scholar
- Patrick-Huges, T. (2009). A dictionary of Islam. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services.Google Scholar
- Quran, Translated by Nazeer Ahmed. The American Institute of Islamic History and Culture, California, USA.Google Scholar
- Rafiiabadi, N. H. (1995). Hijrat: A turning point in Islamic movement. (trans: Qutb, A.). New Delhi: Adam Publishers & Distributers.Google Scholar
- Saritoprak, Z. The Qur’anic perspective on immigrants: Prophet Muhammad’s migration and its implications in our modern society. The Journal of Scriptural Reasoning. https://jsr.shanti.virginia.edu/back-issues/vol-10-no-1-august-2011-people-and-places/the-quranic-perspective-on-immigrants/. Accessed on 17 Jan 2016.
- Sayyid, S. (2010). The homelessness of Muslimness: The Muslim Umma as a diaspora. Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge, 8(2), Article 12. Islam: From phobia to understanding.Google Scholar
- Subhani, E. S. (2006). Mohammad-e-Arabi. Lahore: Islamic Publishers, Ltd.Google Scholar
© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019