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KeywordsEscherichia Coli Staphylococcus Aureus Broad Spectrum Storage System Tropical Region
Virus of bursitis, virus of Newcastle disease (ND), virus of infectious bronchitis (IB), corona virus of poultry enteritis, etc.
Salmonella species, Campylobacter spp., Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and strains of Streptococcus sp.
Cestodes (like Hymenolepis minutissima, Choanotaenia infundibulum, Raillietina sp., Cotugnia sp.)
Protozoa (like Eimeria species).
Except for tapeworms, where these beetles act as true intermediate hosts, most of the above cited agents of diseases are transmitted mechanically. However, since these beetles occur often in extreme numbers in stored bird food, they must be considered as very important vectors of agents of diseases.
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