Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

System Dynamics Modeling: Validation for Quality Assurance

  • Markus SchwaningerEmail author
  • Stefan Groesser
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27737-5_540-4


Model/model system

A model is an abstract representation of a concrete (“real”) system. Models can be descriptive or prescriptive (normative). Their functions can be to enable explanation, anticipation, or design. A distinction used in this contribution is between causal and noncausal models, with System Dynamics models being of the former type. The term model system is used to stress the systemic character of a model; this serves to identify it as an organized whole of variables and relationships, on the one hand, and to distinguish it from the real system which is to be modeled, on the other.

Model validity

A model’s property of reflecting adequately the system modeled. Validity is the main feature of model quality. It is a matter of degree, not a dichotomized property.

Model purpose

The goal for which a model is designed or the function it is supposed to fulfill. The model purpose adheres closely to the end-model user or model owner. Model purpose is the criterion for the...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of ManagementUniversity of St. GallenSt. GallenSwitzerland
  2. 2.School of Engineering and Information TechnologyBern University of Applied ScienceBernSwitzerland