Sustainable Cities and Communities

2020 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökçin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Housing Affordability: Measurements and Trends

  • Md Aslam MiaEmail author
  • Ema Izati Zull
Reference work entry

Definitions of Affordable Housing

One of the most frequently used terms in the era of rapid urbanization is perhaps “affordable housing.” However, to date, there seems no universally acceptable definition of affordable housing that exists among the academicians and practitioners. The concept of affordable housing can be relative (housing affordability through history) and subjective (classic assumption of individual with their rational self-interest) at the same time (Cai 2017). The term is very much contingent to economic development and income levels; hence, it does not have any uniform definition worldwide. Affordable housing in the ambit of wider meaning could constitute homes that are affordable to the maximum demographics, which indicates various levels of income groups. However, affordable housing concept has been defined in many ways based on various classifications, and they range from relative, subjective, purchase affordability, repayment affordability, and income...

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Part of the report was produced when the first author was doing internship at the Asian Development Bank, Manila, Philippines, in 2017. The first author also acknowledges support from his supervisors (then) Navendu Karan and Bruno Carrasco for their valuable comments and suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ManagementUniversiti Sains Malaysia (USM)Pulau PinangMalaysia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Astrid Skjerven
    • 1
  1. 1.OsloMet -Oslo Metropolitan UniversityOsloNorway