Zero Hunger

2020 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökçin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Smart Destinations: Harnessing Technology to Promote Transformation and Sustainability Through Ecotourism in Emerging Market Communities

  • David LansdaleEmail author
  • Kléber P. Castro Pacheco
  • Cecilia Guerrero
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95675-6_94

Definition

In 2017, the UN World Tourism Organization challenged the tourism industry to address the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) identified and adopted by the United Nations as priorities for quality of life on the planet. This entry addresses the opportunity that technology provides to achieve the UNWTO challenge, both through the creation of infrastructure and collaboration provided by the Internet of Things but more specifically, by investing in both quality of life and quality of experiences in communities. This includes creating a context and a model where tourists as visitors partner with locals as hosts to become stewards of a destination. The focus is Ecuador, the most biodiverse country on the planet, as an example of an emerging market destination with great potential. The European experience is considered and adapted to the local Ecuadorian reality, in a model where tourists and locals collaborate and invest to promote smart communities and, eventually, Smart...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Acosta D (2017) Smart City, the kick for the intelligent development of tourism in an urban destination. The Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. License thesis. University of Mar del Plata. Mar del PlataGoogle Scholar
  2. Acosta M et al (2016) Realizing sustainable development goals through University Internships. J Sustain Higher Educ 1:2Google Scholar
  3. Beyond Chacay Foundation (2015) https://issuu.com/chacayfoundation
  4. Boes K, Buhalis D, Inversini A (2014) Conceptualising smart tourism destination dimensions. In: Information and communication technologies in tourism 2015. pp 391–403.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-14343-9_29
  5. Buhalis D, Amaranggana A (2014) Smart tourism destinations enhancing tourism experience through personalisation of services. In: Information and communication technologies in tourism. pp 377–390.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-14343-9_28
  6. Carayannis EG, Barth TD, Campbell DF (2012) The Quintuple Helix innovation model: global warming as a challenge and driver for innovation. J Innov Entrep 1:2.  https://doi.org/10.1186/2192-5372-1-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Castro P (2018) Proposal of a management model for the smart tourism destination (STD) of the city of Cuenca, Ecuador. Ph.D. Thesis. The University of Havana. Havana CubaGoogle Scholar
  8. Chourabi et al (2012) Understanding smart cities: an integrative framework. In: 45th Hawaii international conference on system sciences, HawaiiGoogle Scholar
  9. Comunidad Valenciana (2014) Manual de destinos turísticos inteligentes. ValenciaGoogle Scholar
  10. Fabronni M (2017) Fundamentos del turismo. Nuevo enfoque en el Siglo XXI. Editorial Ugerman, Buenos AiresGoogle Scholar
  11. Grima CA, Caro JL (2015) Smart cities y smart destinations: una metodología para su evaluación. TALLER DOCTORAL. VI Congreso Internacional Turismo, Economía y Medioambiente. Facultad de Turismo de la Universidad de Málaga, EspañaGoogle Scholar
  12. Guerrero C (2018) Thesis dissertation, a sport event case study for an Emergency Community Development Program in Oyacachi, an indigenous village in the Andes, following a natural disaster in the summer of 2015. Regis UniversityGoogle Scholar
  13. Kavanagh E (n.d.) Exploring the Kotter model and appreciative inquiry as organizational change vehicles for nonprofit human services agencies. University Canada West Business School. http://www.earonkavanagh.ca/kavanagh_article-exploring.pdf.
  14. Kretzmann JP, McKnight JL (2012) Building communities from the inside out: a path toward finding and mobilizing a community’s assets. Center for Urban Affairs and Policy Research, EvanstonGoogle Scholar
  15. Kumar TMV (2016) Smart economy in smart cities: international collaborative research: Ottawa, St. Louis, Stuttgart, Bologna, Cape Town, Nairobi, Dakar, Lagos, New Delhi, Varanasi, Vijayawada, Kozhikode, Hong Kong. Springer, ThailandGoogle Scholar
  16. Lansdale D et al (2015) EcoHelix: working toward a smarter, more sustainable galapagos. Galapagos report 2013–14, Human SystemsGoogle Scholar
  17. Max-Neef M, Elizalde A, Hopenhayn M (2010) Desarrollo a escala humana: Opciones para el future. Creative Commons 3.0 España. Retrieved from http://habitat.aq.upm.es/deh/
  18. Meza M, Herremans I, Wallace J, Althouse N, Lansdale D, Preusser M (2018) Strengthening sustainability leadership competencies through university internships. Int J Sustain Higher Educ 19.  https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSHE-06-2017-0097
  19. Organización Mundial de Turismo (2017) Manual sobre Turismo Accesible para Todos: Principios, herramientas y buenas prácticas – Módulo III: Principales áreas de intervención. OMT, MadridGoogle Scholar
  20. Organización Mundial del Turismo (OMT) (2003) Recomendaciones a los gobiernos para el apoyo y la creación de sistemas nacionales de certificación de sostenibilidad en turismo. [En línea]. Disponible en: www.word-tourism.org/ (Consultado: mayo de 2018)
  21. Pérez Marques (2016) Planificación y políticas turísticas. Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires ArgentinaGoogle Scholar
  22. Reiner M (2017) DP640 study guide: data and assessments – moving from SDGs to assessments, data, and a business plan. ArvadaGoogle Scholar
  23. SEGITTUR (2015) Los destinos turísticos inteligentes. Ministerio de Industria, Energía y Turismo. MadridGoogle Scholar
  24. Senge P et al (1994) The fifth discipline fieldbook: strategies and tools for building a learning organizationGoogle Scholar
  25. Taylor DC, Taylor CE, Taylor JO (2011) Empowerment on an unstable planet: from seeds of human energy to a scale of global change. Oxford University Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Valls F (2004) Gestión de destinos turísticos. Editorial Gestión, MadridGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Lansdale
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kléber P. Castro Pacheco
    • 2
  • Cecilia Guerrero
    • 3
  1. 1.Beyond Chacay FoundationQuitoEcuador
  2. 2.Boricua CollegeNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Regis UniversityDenver, COUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Tony Wall
    • 1
  1. 1.International Centre for ThrivingUniversity of ChesterChesterUK