Zero Hunger

2020 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökçin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Soil and Water Conservation: An Overview

  • Charles K. K. GacheneEmail author
  • Shadrack O. Nyawade
  • Nancy N. Karanja
Reference work entry


Buffer strip

An area of land maintained in permanent vegetation that helps to trap sediment by slowing down runoff, thus enhancing filtration of nutrients.

Conservation tillage

A tillage system that creates a suitable soil environment for growing a crop and that conserves soil, water, and energy resources mainly through reduction in the intensity of tillage and retention of plant residues.

Crop residue

Any type of vegetative cover retained in the field and may include standing stubble, dispersed straw, living vegetation, or mulch.

Soil and water conservation (SWC)

Any practice that reduces soil erosion and water runoff, thus conserving soil.

Soil erosion

Detachment and transportation of soil and soil material from the place of origin by water, wind, ice, or gravity and deposition to another place.


Loss of soil quality due to soil erosion remains a major factor of low crop productivity in tropical and subtropical countries. Soil and water conservation (SWC)...
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles K. K. Gachene
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shadrack O. Nyawade
    • 1
  • Nancy N. Karanja
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Land Resource Management and Agricultural Technology, College of Agriculture and Veterinary SciencesUniversity of NairobiNairobiKenya

Section editors and affiliations

  • Datu Buyung Agusdinata

There are no affiliations available