Zero Hunger

2020 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökçin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Pastoralism: Indigenous Way of Mitigating Climate and Poverty Risk

  • Suzana Djordjević-MiloševićEmail author
  • Jelena Milovanović
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95675-6_89

Synonyms

Definitions

Pastoralism could be defined as a production system, or a type of land use; furthermore, it can get ethnic or cultural attributes, and yet neither of these definitions represents its nature in a satisfactory way, since they do not include all aspects of importance. For instance, pastoral, as an adjective, means peaceful, idyllic, rural, or rustic, while pastoralist as a noun is used to indicate cultural identity of people who practice pastoralism, share a pastoralist background, or are involved in activities related to pastoralism (Krätli and Swift 2014).

Pastoralism is not just a production system – other important sociocultural and ecological dimensions should be also considered. A proper definition of pastoralism, therefore, must combine the specific livelihoods with the land type and cultural aspects of communities dealing with pastoralism as in the following definition provided by Jenet et al. (2016...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Allen VG, Batello C, Berretta EJ, Hodgson J, Kothmann M, McIvor J, Li X, Milne J, Morris C, Peeters A, Sanderson M (2011) An international terminology for grazing lands and grazing animals. Grass Forage Sci 66:2–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arnold E, Greenfield H (2001) A zooarchaeological perspective on the origins of vertical transhumant pastoralism and the colonization of marginal habitats in temperate Southeastern Europe. In: 9th ICAZ conference, DurhamGoogle Scholar
  3. Basupi LV, Quinn CH, Dougill AJ (2017) Historical perspectives on pastoralism and land tenure transformation in Ngamiland, Botswana: What are the policy and institutional lessons? Pastoralism 7:24.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s13570-017-0093-1
  4. Blench R (2001) Pastoralism in the new millennium. Animal health and production series, vol 150. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  5. Bollig M, Schulte A (1999) Environmental Change and Pastoral Perceptions: Degrada-tion and Indigenous Knowledge in Two African Pastoral Communities. Human Ecology 27:493–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chapelle J (1957) Nomades noirs du Sahara, Edité par Plon, ParisGoogle Scholar
  7. Ghosh PK, Sanat Kumar M (2014) Carbon sequestration in grassland systems. Range Manag Agroforest 35:173–181Google Scholar
  8. Cooper T, Pezold T, Keenleyside C, Đorđević-Milošević S, Hart K, Ivanov S, Vidojević D (2010) Developing a national agri-environment programme for Serbia. IUCN Programme Office for South-Eastern Europe, Gland/BelgradeGoogle Scholar
  9. Davis-Kimball J, Bashilov V, Yablonsky L (1995) Nomads of the Eurasian steppes in the early iron age. Zinat Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  10. Dong S (2016) Pastoralism in the world. In: Dong D, Kassam KS, Tourrand J, Boone R (eds) Building resilience of human-natural systems of pastoralism in the developing world: interdisciplinary perspectives. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 1–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dong S, Wen L, Liu S, Zhang X, Lassoie JP, Yi S, Li Y (2011) Vulnerability of worldwide pastoralism to global changes and interdisciplinary strategies for sustainable pastoralism. Ecol Soc 16(2):10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Eugene C, Svensson E (2018) Historical archaeologies of transhumance across Europe. Taylor & Francis, London. ISBN 978-1-351-21337-0Google Scholar
  13. FAO (2001) Pastoralism in the new millennium. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  14. FAO (2016) Pastoralist knowledge hub. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  15. FAO (2018) World livestock: transforming the livestock sector through the sustainable development goals. FAO, Rome. 222 pp. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGOGoogle Scholar
  16. Follett R, Reed D (2010) Soil carbon sequestration in grazing lands: societal benefits and policy implications. Rangel Ecol Manag 63:4–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. French K (2017) The contribution of 21st century pastoralists to biodiversity conservation and emerging bioeconomies. J Ethnobiol 37(3):514–521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hatfield R, Davies J (2006) Global review of the economics of pastroalism. IUCN, NairobiGoogle Scholar
  19. Hoffmann I, From T, Boerma D (2014) Ecosystems provided by livestock species and breeds with special consideration to the contributions of small-scale livestock keepers and pastoralists. Background Study Paper 66:1. FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and AgricultureGoogle Scholar
  20. Jenet A, Buono N, Di Lello S, Gomarasca M, Heine C, Mason S, Nori M, Saavedra R, Van Troos K (2016) The path to greener pastures. Pastoralism, the backbone of the world’s drylands. Vétérinaires Sans Frontières International (VSF-International), BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  21. Kerven C, Behnke R (2011) Policies and practices of pastoralism in Europe. Pastoralism Res Policy Pract 1:28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Khazanov A (1984) Nomads and the outer world. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
  23. Krätli S, Swift J (2014) “Counting pastoralists” in Kenya. DLCI/REGLAP, NairobiGoogle Scholar
  24. Little M (2015) Pastoralism. In: Muehlenbein MP (ed) Basics in human evolution. Academic, London, pp 337–347.  https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-802652-6.00024-4. ISBN 9780128026526CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Marshall F (2000) The origins and spread of domestic animals in East Africa. In: Blench R, MacDonald K (eds) The origin and development of African livestock. University College Press, London, pp 191–221Google Scholar
  26. Matin S, Sullivan C, Finn J, Daire A, Ó hUallacháin D, Green S, Meredith D, Moran J (2020) Assessing the distribution and extent of High Nature Value farmland in the Republic of Ireland. Ecol Indic 108.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105700
  27. McPeak JG, Little PD (2017) Applying the concept of resilience to pastoralist household data. Pastoralism 7:14.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s13570-017-0082-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Miller DJ, Craig SR (1997) Rangelands and pastoral development in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas. In: Proceedings of a regional experts. ICIMODGoogle Scholar
  29. Moran EF (2006) People and nature: an introduction to human ecological relations. Blackwell, MaldenGoogle Scholar
  30. Newton A, Stewart G, Myers G, Diaz A, Lake S, Bullock J, Pullin A (2009) Impacts of grazing on lowland heath in north-west Europe. Biol Conserv 142:935–947CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nori M, Davies J (2007) Change of wind or wind of change? Climate change, adaptation and pastoralism. World Initiative for Sustainable Pastoralism, International Union for Conservation of Nature, NairobiGoogle Scholar
  32. Paracchini ML; Petersen J-E; Hoogeveen Y; Bamps C, Burfield I, van Swaay C (2008) High nature value farmland in Europe: an estimate of the distribution patterns on the basis of land cover and biodiversity data. Report EUR 23480 EN for European Commission, JRCGoogle Scholar
  33. Pedersen, Jon & Benjaminsen, Tor (2010). Food Security and Pastoralism in the Northern Sahel.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5701-6_12
  34. Plieninger T, Huntsinger L (2018) Complex rangeland systems: integrated social-ecological approaches to silvopastoralism. Rangel Ecol Manag 71:519–525CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Pratt DJ, Gall FL, De Haan C (1997) Investing in pastoralism: Sustainable natural resource use in arid Africa and the Middle East. World Bank Technical Paper 365, World Bank, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  36. Sadler K, Kerven C, Calo M, Manske M, Catley A (2009) Milk matters. A literature review of pastoralist nutrition and programming responses. Feinstein International Center, Tufts University and Save the Children, Addis AbabaGoogle Scholar
  37. Schlolz F, Schlee G (2015) Nomads and nomadism in history. In: Wright JD (ed) International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences, 2nd edn. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 838–843.  https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.62018-4. ISBN 9780080970875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Schoof N, Luick R (2018) Pastures and Pastoralism, chapter in book Oxford Bibliographies in Ecology, published by D. Gibson.  https://doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199830060-0207
  39. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2010) Pastoralism, nature conservation and development: a good practice guide. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, MontrealGoogle Scholar
  40. Seré C, Steinfeld H (1996) World livestock production systems: current status, issues and trends. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  41. Syphard AD, Brennan TJ, Keeley JE (2018) Chaparral Landscape Conversion in Southern California. In: Underwood E., Safford H., Molinari N., Keeley J. (eds) Valuing Chaparral. Springer Series on Environmental Management. Springer, ChamGoogle Scholar
  42. Te Pas K, Dilthey P; Schwarz U, Waters-Bayer A (2019) Pastoralism & the SDGs how supporting pastoralism can help realise the sustainable development goals. Coalition of European Lobbies for Eastern African Pastoralism (CELEP), BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  43. Trollope WS, Trollope LA (2010) Range and animal sciences and resources management – vol. II – fire effects and management in African. (E. o. Systems (ed). EOLSS Publications, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  44. Weisiger M (2004) The origins of Navajo pastoralism. J Southwest 46(2):253Google Scholar
  45. Zhuang M, Gongbuzeren LW (2017) Greenhouse gas emission of pastoralism is lower than combined extensive/intensive livestock husbandry: a case study on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of China. J Clean Prod 147:514–522CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suzana Djordjević-Milošević
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jelena Milovanović
    • 1
  1. 1.Environment and Sustainable Development StudiesSingidunum UniversityBelgradeSerbia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Datu Buyung Agusdinata
    • 1
  1. 1.School of SustainabilityArizona State UniversityTempeUSA