Zero Hunger

2020 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökçin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Breeding and Productivity in Ending Hunger and Achieving Food Security and Nutrition

  • Marie Louise Avana-TientcheuEmail author
  • Christian Keambou Tiambo
Reference work entry


Breeding is the art of altering the original traits of plants or animals to produce desired characteristics to advance the quantity and/or quality of products for humans and animals’ benefits (Fehr 1987; Sleper and Poehlman 1995; Bernardo 2010). The US national association of plant breeders ( define “plant breeding” as the science driven creative process of developing new plant varieties that include cultivar development, crop improvement, and seed improvement. Kor Oldenbroek and van der Waaij (2014) and Nature ( define Animal Breeding as a process involving the selective mating of domestic animals with desirable genetic traits, to maintain or enhance these traits, with the intention to improve desirable (and heritable) qualities in the next generations. In plant and animals, breeding requires biological assessment in relevant target environments and knowledge of...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie Louise Avana-Tientcheu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christian Keambou Tiambo
    • 2
  1. 1.African Forest Forum (AFF), C/o World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)NairobiKenya
  2. 2.Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics and Health (CTLGH)/Livestock Genetics-International Livestock Research InstituteNairobiKenya