Zero Hunger

2020 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökçin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Breeding and Productivity in Ending Hunger and Achieving Food Security and Nutrition

  • Marie Louise Avana-TientcheuEmail author
  • Christian Keambou Tiambo
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95675-6_59

Definition

Breeding is the art of altering the original traits of plants or animals to produce desired characteristics to advance the quantity and/or quality of products for humans and animals’ benefits (Fehr 1987; Sleper and Poehlman 1995; Bernardo 2010). The US national association of plant breeders (https://www.plantbreeding.org/content/what-is-plant-breeding) define “plant breeding” as the science driven creative process of developing new plant varieties that include cultivar development, crop improvement, and seed improvement. Kor Oldenbroek and van der Waaij (2014) and Nature (https://www.nature.com/subjects/animal-breeding) define Animal Breeding as a process involving the selective mating of domestic animals with desirable genetic traits, to maintain or enhance these traits, with the intention to improve desirable (and heritable) qualities in the next generations. In plant and animals, breeding requires biological assessment in relevant target environments and knowledge of...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Alberts B, Kirschner MW, Tilghman S, Varmus H (2014) Rescuing US biomedical research from its systemic flaws. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111(16):5773–5777.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1404402111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ambrose MJ, Coyne CJ (2008) Formal collaboration between John Innes Pisum collection and USDA-ARS collection over Pisum genetic stocks. Brief Commun Pisum Genet 40. Pisum Genetics 40:27Google Scholar
  3. Aradottir GI, Martin JL, Clark SJ et al (2017) Searching for wheat resistance to aphids and wheat bulb fly in the historical Watkins and Gediflux wheat collections. Ann Appl Biol 170:179–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Asaduzzaman M, Naseem A, Singla R (2011) Benefit-cost assessment of different homestead vegetable gardening on improving household food and nutrition security in rural Bangladesh. Selected paper prepared for presentation at the Agricultural & Applied Economics Association’s 2011 AAEA & NAREA Joint Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, July 24–26, 2011Google Scholar
  5. Bernardo R (2010) Breeding for quantitative traits in plants, 2nd edn. Stemma Press, WoodburyGoogle Scholar
  6. Boichard D, Ducrocq V, Croiseau P et al (2016) Genomic selection in domestic animals: principles, applications and perspectives. In Trajectories in genetics 150 years after Mendel. C R Biol 339:274–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bradbury LMT, Fitzgerald TL, Henry RJ et al (2005) The gene for fragrance in rice. Plant Biotechnol J 3(3):363–370.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7652.2005.00131.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Butler L (2008) Using a balanced approach to bibliometrics: quantitative performance measures in the Australian research quality framework. Ethics Sci Environ Polit 8:83–92.  https://doi.org/10.3354/esep00077CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cairns A (2002) Starch accumulation in temperate forage grasses. IGER Innovations 6:9Google Scholar
  10. Cordell D, Drangert JO, White SB (2009) The story of phosphorus: global food security and food for thought. Glob Environ Chang 19(2):292–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chaparro JM, Sheflin AM, Manter DK et al (2012) Manipulating the soil microbiome to increase soil health and plant fertility. Biol Fertil Soils 48(5):489–499.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-012-0691-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cheng HW (2010) Breeding of tomorrow’s chickens to improve well-being. Poult Sci 89(4):805–813.  https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2009-00361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Crawley AM, Mallard B, Wilkie BN (2005) Genetic selection for high and low immune response in pigs: effects on immunoglobulin isotype expression. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 108:71–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Defries R (2018) Trade-off and synergies among climate resilience, human nutrition and agricultural productivity of cereals – what are the implications for the agricultural research agenda. Paper commissioned by the ISPC to set the scene and guide science forum 2018 discussion. Stellenbosch South Africa, 10–12 October 2018Google Scholar
  15. Dutfield G (2018) SDG 2.5: how policies affecting trade and markets can help maintain genetic diversity. In: Achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2: Which policies for trade and markets? International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD), Geneva, pp 61–77Google Scholar
  16. Duvick ND (2005) The contribution of breeding to yield advances in maize (Zea mays L.). Adv Agron 16:83–145.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(05)86002-XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Edgerton MD (2009) Update on increasing crop productivity: increasing crop productivity to meet global needs for feed, food, and fuel. Plant Physiol 149:7–13.  https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.108.130195
  18. Ewald SJ, Kapczynski DR, Livant EJ et al (2011) Association of Mx1 Asn631 variant alleles with reductions in morbidity, early mortality, viral shedding, and cytokine responses in chickens infected with a highly pathogenic avian influenza virus. Immunogenetics 63:363–375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Fanzo J (2015) Ethical issues for human nutrition in the context of global food security and sustainable development. Glob Food Sec 7:15–23.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2015.11.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. FAO (2010) Second Report on the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome, Italy. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. http://www.fao.org/docrep/013/i1500e/i1500e00.htm
  21. FAO (2017) FAO and SDG Indicators: Measuring up to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6919e.pdf
  22. FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP, WHO (2019) The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019. Safeguarding against economic slowdowns and downturns. FAO, Rome. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGOGoogle Scholar
  23. FAOSTAT (2017) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). FAOSTAT database. http://faostat.fao.org/site/291/default.aspx
  24. Fehr WR (1987) Principles of cultivar development, Theory and technique, vol 1. Macmillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  25. Fess TL, Kotcon JB, Benedito VA (2011) Crop breeding for low input agriculture: a sustainable response to feed a growing world population. Sustainability 3:1742–1772CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Fischer RA, Edmeades GO (2010) Breeding and cereal yield progress. Crop Sci 50(Suppl1):S-85–S-98.  https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2009.10.0564
  27. Graham RD, Humphries JM, Kitchen JL (2000) Nutritionally enhanced cereals: a sustainable foundation for a balanced diet. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 9(Supplement):S91–S96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Graham RD, Welch RM, Bouis HE (2001) Addressing micronutrient malnutrition through enhancing the nutritional quality of staple foods: principles, perspectives and knowledge gaps. Adv Agron 70:77–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Halewood M, Deupmann P, Sthapit B et al (2007) Participatory plant breeding to promote Farmers’ rights. Bioversity International, Rome, 7p. http://www.pcgin.org/
  30. Haynes KG, Christ BJ, Burkhart CR et al. (2009) Heritability of resistance to common scab in diploid potatoes. Am J Potato Res 86(3):165–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Henryon M, Berg P, Jensen J et al (2001) Genetic variation for resistance to clinical and subclinical disease exists in growing pigs. Anim Sci 73:375–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Jones AM (2014) Opinion: the planet needs more plant scientists. http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/41133/title/Opinion%2D%2DThe-Planet-Needs-More-Plant-Scientists/. Accessed 8 Mar 2019
  33. Kim S, Kim C, Kim LWT et al (2008) Inheritance and field performance of transgenic Korean Bt rice lines resistant to rice yellow stem borer. Euphytica 164:829–839CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Knežević D, Pržulj N, Zečević V et al (2004) Breeding strategies for Barley quality improvement and wide adaptation. Kragujevac J Sci 26:75–84Google Scholar
  35. Laible G (2009) Enhancing livestock through genetic engineering – recent advances and future prospects. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 32(2):123–137.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cimid.2007.11.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Leakey RRB (2018) Converting ‘trade-offs’ to ‘trade-ons’ for greatly enhanced food security in Africa: multiple environmental, eco-nomic and social benefits from ‘socially modified crops’. Food Sec 10:505–524.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-018-0796-1
  37. Leakey RRB (2019) From ethnobotany to mainstream agriculture: socially modified Cinderella species capturing ‘trade-ons’ for ‘land maxing’. Planta.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-019-03128
  38. Meuwissen T, Hayes B, Goddard M (2001) Prediction of total genetic value using genome-wide dense marker maps. Genetics 157:1819–1829.Google Scholar
  39. Muchugi A, Jamnadass R, Muthemba S et al (2016) Genome sequencing to unlock the potential of African Indigenous fruit tree species. Indian J Plant Genet Res 29(3):371–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Nadolska-Orczyk A, Rajchel IK, Orczyk W et al (2017) Major genes determining yield-related traits in wheat and barley. Theor Appl Genet 130:1081–1098CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Nega T, Woldes Y (2018) Review on nutritional limitations and opportunities of using rapeseed meal and other rape seed by – products in animal feeding. J Nutr Health Food Eng 8(1):00254.  https://doi.org/10.15406/jnhfe.2018.08.00254Google Scholar
  42. Nhemachena C, Matchaya G, Nhemachena CR et al (2018). Measuring Baseline Agriculture-Related Sustainable Development Goals Index for Southern Africa. Sustainability 10, 849;  https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030849.
  43. Oldenbroek K, van der Waaij L (2014) Textbook animal breeding animal breeding and genetics for BSc students. Centre for Genetic Resources and Animal Breeding and Genomics Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, 311pGoogle Scholar
  44. Pavlidis M, Futter WC, Katharios P et al (2007) Blood cell profile of six Mediterranean mariculture fish species. J Appl Ichthyol 23:70–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Ray DK, Mueller ND, West PC et al (2013) Yield trends are insufficient to double global crop production by 2050. PLoS ONE 8(6):e66428.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Ricciardi V, Ramankutty N, Mehrabi Z et al (2018) How much of the world's food do smallholders produce? Glob Food Sec 17:64–72.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2018.05.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Rivers J, Warthmann N, Pogson BJ et al (2015) Genomic breeding for food, environment and livelihoods. Food Sec 7:375–382.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-015-0431-3
  48. Simons AJ, Leakey RRB (2004) Tree domestication in tropical agroforestry. Agrofor Syst 61:167–181Google Scholar
  49. Sleper DA, Poehlman JM (1995) Breeding field crops, 4th edn. Iowa State University Press, Ames, 495pGoogle Scholar
  50. The Andersons Centre (2011) Crop production technology: the effect of the loss of plant protection products on UK Agriculture and Horticulture and the Wider Economy. Report produced by: The Andersons Centre- CPA-NFU-AIC, Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire, 78p.Google Scholar
  51. Thornton PK (2010) Livestock production: recent trends, future prospects. Phil Trans R Soc B 365:2853–2867.  https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2010.0134
  52. Tittonel P, Giller KE (2013) When yield gaps are poverty traps: the paradigm of ecological intensification in African smallholder agriculture. Field Crop Res 143:76–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Tohidi MHR, Farshad G, Zahedi H (2011) Effect of UV radiation and evaluated CO2 on morphological traits, yield and yield components of canola (Brassica napus L.) grown under water deficit stress. Not Bot Horti Agrobot Cluj Napoca 39:213–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Tuohy KM, Conterno L, Gasperotti M et al (2012) Upregulating the human intestinal microbiome using whole plant foods, polyphenols, and/or fiber. J Agric Food Chem 60(36):8776–8782.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jf2053959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. United Nations (2015) Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld
  56. Verma RPS, Sarkar B, Gupta R et al (2008) Breeding barley for malting quality improvement in India. Cereal Res Commun 36(1):135–145.  https://doi.org/10.1556/CRC.36.2008.1.14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Welch RM, Graham RD (2002) Breeding crops for enhanced micronutrient content. In: Adu-Gyamfi JJ (ed) Food security in nutrient-stressed environments: exploiting plants’ genetic capabilities. Developments in plant and soil sciences, vol 95. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 205–214Google Scholar
  58. Welch RM, Graham RD (2004) Breeding for micronutrients in staple food crops from a human nutrition perspective. J Exp Bot 55(396):353–364.  https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erh064CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Winfield K, Hall M, Paynter B (2007) Milling oat and feed oat quality – what are the differences? Bulletin, 4703. Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia, PerthGoogle Scholar
  60. Wingen LU, Orford S, Goram R et al (2014) Establishing the A. E. Watkins landrace cultivar collection as a resource for systematic gene discovery in bread wheat. Theor Appl Genet 127:1831.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-014-2344-5
  61. Wise DR, DeBerardinis RJ, Mancuso A et al (2008) Myc regulates a transcriptional program that stimulates mitochondrial glutaminolysis and leads to glutamine addiction. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105(48):18782–18787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Wolff OJ (1998) Breeding strategies, mate choice, and reproductive success in American Bison. Oikos 83(3):529–544.  https://doi.org/10.2307/3546680CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Xu Y, Li P, Zou C et al. (2017) Enhancing genetic gain in the era of molecular breeding. J, Exp. Bot. 68 (11):2641–2666.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie Louise Avana-Tientcheu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christian Keambou Tiambo
    • 2
  1. 1.African Forest Forum (AFF), C/o World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)NairobiKenya
  2. 2.Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics and Health (CTLGH)/Livestock Genetics-International Livestock Research InstituteNairobiKenya