Zero Hunger

2020 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökçin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Rural Development as a Key to Achieve Zero Hunger in 2030

  • Nima NejadrezaeiEmail author
  • Marie Asma Ben-Othmen
Reference work entry


Agricultural development, a subset of economic development, implies a sustained increase in the level of production and productivity over a reasonable length of time and the subsequently improved well-being of farmers as reflected in their higher per capita income and standard of living. Rural development relates not only to a sustained increase in the level of production and productivity of all rural dwellers, including farmers, and a sustained improvement in their well-being, manifested by increasing per capita income and standard of living, but also leads to a sustained physical, social, and economic improvement of rural communities (Nchuchuwe and Adejuwon 2012).

The definition of rural development has evolved through time as a result of changes in the perceived mechanisms and goals of development. Since the 1970s rural development as a concept has been highly associated with the promotion of standards of living and as a precondition for reducing rural poverty (Anriquez...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agronomy and Agro-IndustryPolytechnical Institute of Earth and Life Sciences UnilasalleRouenFrance
  2. 2.Polytechnical Institute of Earth and Life Sciences Unilasalle INTERACT Research Unit – Innovation, Land Management, Agriculture, Agro-Industries, Knowledge, and TechnologyRouenFrance

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mohammad Sadegh Allahyari
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Agricultural ManagementRasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, RashtRashtIran