Zero Hunger

2020 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökçin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Research and Innovation Toward Sustainable Development Goals in Agriculture

  • George VlontzosEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95675-6_41

Definition

The first definition of innovation was proposed by the Austrian economist Joseph Schumpeter ( 1934) as follows:
  1. 1.

    The introduction of a good (product), which is new to consumers, or one of higher quality than was available in the past.

     
  2. 2.

    Method of production, which are new to a particular branch of industry. These are not necessarily based on new scientific discoveries and may have, for example, already been used in other industrial sectors.

     
  3. 3.

    The opening of new markets.

     
  4. 4.

    The use of new source of supply.

     
  5. 5.

    New forms of competition that leads to the restructuring of an industry.

     

Later on, there were new approaches toward this definition, mainly influenced by the continuous new achievements of research. More specifically, Chris Freeman (1982) stated that “Industrial innovation includes the technical, design, manufacturing, management and commercial activities involved in the marketing of a new (or improved) process of equipment.” Additionally, Peter Drucker (1985...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agriculture Crop Protection and Rural Environment, School of Agricultural SciencesUniversity of Thessaly Fytoko, VolosGreece

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mohammad Sadegh Allahyari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural ManagementRasht Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityRashtIran