Zero Hunger

2020 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökçin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Safe Food for All: Key Challenges and Process Requirements

  • Kanish DebnathEmail author
  • Priyanka Roy
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95675-6_20
  • 3 Downloads

Synonyms

Definitions

Safe food is nutriment that is fit for human consumption. Food safety pertains to the entire set of processes that prevent and monitor foods from acquiring any foodborne hazards from the “farm to fork.” While food security ensures that no one in the world goes hungry or malnourished, food safety further ensures that the food is devoid of chemical, physical, and biological hazards that will not harm the consumer when it is prepared and/or eaten according to its intended use. Farmers need to follow good agricultural practices (GAP) and food traceability systems to certify that grown foods are safe and wholesome as well as reduce food rejections and wastage. Food manufacturers are also required to have good manufacturing practices (GMP) and proper food safety management systems (FSMS) in their processing plants to assure safe foods to consumers.

Introduction

The first goal among the United Nations’...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bawa AS, Anilakumar KR (2013) Genetically modified foods: safety, risks and public concerns – a review. J Food Sci Technol 50:1035–1046.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-012-0899-1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Carvalho FP (2006) Agriculture, pesticides, food security and food safety. Environ Sci Pol 9:685–692.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2006.08.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carvalho FP (2017) Pesticides, environment, and food safety. Food Energy Secur 6:48–60.  https://doi.org/10.1002/fes3.108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dhankher OP, Foyer CH (2018) Climate resilient crops for improving global food security and safety: climate resilient crops for improving global food security and safety. Plant Cell Environ 41:877–884.  https://doi.org/10.1111/pce.13207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. FAO, WHO (2001) Food hygiene (basic texts), 2nd edn. Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme, RomeGoogle Scholar
  6. FAO, WHO (2009) Food hygiene (basic texts). Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme, RomeGoogle Scholar
  7. FAO, WHO (2018) Understanding Codex, 5th edn. WHO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  8. FAO, WHO (2019) Food hygiene at 50. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  9. Jaffee S, Henson S, Unnevehr L, Grace D, Cassou E (2018) The safe food imperative: accelerating progress in low- and middle-income countries. The World Bank, Washington, DCCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. King T, Cole M, Farber JM, Eisenbrand G, Zabaras D, Fox EM, Hill JP (2017) Food safety for food security: relationship between global megatrends and developments in food safety. Trends Food Sci Technol 68:160–175.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2017.08.014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. McLaughlin MJ, Parker DR, Clarke JM (1999) Metals and micronutrients – food safety issues. Field Crop Res 60:143–163.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(98)00137-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mortimore S, Wallace C (2001) Food industry briefing series: HACCP. Blackwell Science, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Redmond EC, Griffith CJ (2003) Consumer food handling in the home: a review of food safety studies. J Food Prot 66:130–161.  https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-66.1.130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Schmidt RH, Newslow DL (2019) Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) principle 6: establish verification procedures. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs143. Accessed 15 Nov 2019
  15. Soon JM, Baines R, Seaman P (2012) Meta-analysis of food safety training on hand hygiene knowledge and attitudes among food handlers. J Food Prot 75:793–804.  https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-11-502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Tirado MC, Clarke R, Jaykus LA, McQuatters-Gollop A, Frank JM (2010) Climate change and food safety: a review. Food Res Int 43:1745–1765.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2010.07.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Touch V, Deeth HC (2009) Microbiology of raw and market milks. In: Tamime AY (ed) Milk processing and quality management. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UKGoogle Scholar
  18. United Nations (2017) The millennium development goals report 2015. United Nations, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  19. United Nations (2019) World food safety day, 7 June. https://www.un.org/en/events/foodsafetyday/. Accessed 11 Nov 2019
  20. Wallace CA, Sperber WH, Mortimore SE (2018) Food safety for the 21st century: managing HACCP and food safety throughout the global supply chain. Wiley, HobokenCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Walls H, Baker P, Chirwa E, Hawkins B (2019) Food security, food safety & healthy nutrition: are they compatible? Glob Food Sec 21:69–71.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2019.05.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Wang Y, Duncan TV (2017) Nanoscale sensors for assuring the safety of food products. Curr Opin Biotechnol 44:74–86.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copbio.2016.10.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wilcock A, Pun M, Khanona J, Aung M (2004) Consumer attitudes, knowledge and behaviour: a review of food safety issues. Trends Food Sci Technol 15:56–66.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2003.08.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. World Health Organization (WHO) (2015) WHO estimates of the global burden of foodborne diseases. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  25. Young I, Waddell L, Harding S, Greig J, Mascarenhas M, Sivaramalingam B, Pham MT, Papadopoulos A (2015) A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of food safety education interventions for consumers in developed countries. BMC Public Health 15:822.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2171-xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Zanin LM, da Cunha DT, de Rosso VV, Capriles VD, Stedefeldt E (2017) Knowledge, attitudes and practices of food handlers in food safety: an integrative review. Food Res Int 100:53–62.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2017.07.042

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.FLAME UniversityPuneIndia
  2. 2.Independent ResearcherPuneIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mohammad Sadegh Allahyari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural ManagementRasht Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityRashtIran