Zero Hunger

2020 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökçin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Sustainability in Agriculture and Local Food Systems: A Solution to a Global Crisis

  • Christina Gibbons
  • Brianna Morgan
  • Jerry H. Kavouras
  • Marie Asma Ben-OthmenEmail author
Reference work entry


The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations defines a food system as the entire range of stakeholders and their interlinked value-adding activities involved in the production, distribution and aggregation, processing, marketing, consumption and waste management of food products that originate from agriculture, forestry, and parts of the broader economic, societal and natural environments in which they are embedded (Take and Systems 2015). To be considered sustainable, a food system must deliver food security and nutrition for all in such a way that the economic, social, and environmental bases to generate food security and nutrition for future generations are not compromised (Bassarab et al. 2019; FAO 2017; FAO et al. 2018). A sustainable food system lies at the heart of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).


Food systems have been central to the recent, unprecedented reductions in global poverty, hunger, and undernutrition,...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christina Gibbons
    • 1
  • Brianna Morgan
    • 1
  • Jerry H. Kavouras
    • 1
  • Marie Asma Ben-Othmen
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BiologyLewis UniversityRomeovilleUSA
  2. 2.Polytechnical Institute of Earth and Life Sciences Unilasalle INTERACT Research Unit – Innovation, Land Management, AgricultureAgro-Industries, Knowledge, and TechnologyRouenFrance

Section editors and affiliations

  • Usama Awan
    • 1
  1. 1.Industrial Engineering and ManagementLappeenranta-Lahti University of TechnologyLappeenrantaFinland