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Skill India: New Skills Development Initiatives in India

  • Anita SharmaEmail author
  • Kenneth King
Reference work entry

Abstract

In the past four years of the new Indian government (2014–2018), there has been a plethora of changes in the skills system in India. There is a new Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE); a new campaign to “Skill India” has re-established the goal to train over 400 million people by 2022; a new National Skill Development Mission with its brand “Skill India” has been set up; and a host of new acronyms covering apprenticeship, qualifications, quality assurance, labor market data, and national and overseas skills has been launched. Most of these are explained in the new document, National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, of 2015.

This chapter analyzes the new skills environment in India and asks whether it has been able to begin to address many of the very long-standing characteristics of skills in India.

Despite the renewed ambition of India to skill a mass of its own people and to provide the surplus of these young skilled people to the aging developed nations of the world, there is little evidence in the new mission that the crucial lessons and experiences from the last government’s skills mission and skills development initiative have been taken on board. The question remains whether the modification of skill development in India consists of renaming many of the approaches to the endemic features of skill in India or whether it constitutes a determination to break with the past.

Keywords

Skills development National skills development policy Skills targets Skills training schemes 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GIZ, New DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Emeritus ProfessorUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Margarita Pavlova
    • 1
  • Salim Akoojee
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.The Education University of Hong KongHong KongHong Kong
  2. 2.University of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa
  3. 3.University of NottinghamNottinghamUK

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