Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

2019 Edition
| Editors: Charles W. Finkl, Christopher Makowski

Beach Ridges

  • Ervin G. OtvosEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93806-6_39


Beach ridge is a relict, no more active wave-, often (also)wind-constructed shore ridge, with its long axis generally parallel with the coastline and if part of a strandplain, (also spelled as strand plain or strand-plain) with landward-adjacent similar ridges (Fig. 1). It is built up by berm-overtopping swash. Frequently, it is surmounted by a foredune. Regardless of their dimensions, shapes, and origin, active shore ridges, before becoming inactive (relict) beach ridges, continuously impacted and modified by wave processes, are excluded from the beach ridge designation (Otvos 2000). Once a ridge is isolated from the foreshore zone, often protected and preserved by dune cover or by its coarse sandy-to-gravelly nature, it is separated from daily beach processes by shore progradation and becomes a beach ridge. Shore-parallel dune ridge sets in eolian backshore plains may also form from a line of embryonic dunes behind a still active foredune. Although relict foredunes do...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Coastal SciencesUniversity of Southern MississippiOcean SpringsUSA