Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

2019 Edition
| Editors: Charles W. Finkl, Christopher Makowski

Middle America, Coastal Ecology and Geomorphology

  • Alejandro Yáñez-ArancibiaEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93806-6_214


There are several reasons why geomorphology, ecology, and integrated coastal management, have gained attention globally in Mesoamerica (Middle America, Central America). From the coasts of this region, energy, materials, and food are extracted, cities are developing, industries and port are growing, transport and tourism are in expansion, and general infrastructure and environmental technology marketing are increasing (Windevoxhel et al. 1999; Yáñez-Arancibia 1999, 2000). Under this approach, during the 1990s more than 75 million US dollars have been destined for initiatives and regional projects on integrated coastal zone management, only in Central American countries, by international agencies (Rodriguez and Windevoxhel 1996).

In this framework the “coastal zone” is a broad geographic space of interactions between the sea, the land, freshwater drainage, and the atmosphere, in which the principal interchanges of materials and energy are produced between the marine and...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Programa de Recursos Costeros, Division de Recurso NaturalesInstituto de Ecologia A.C.XalapaMexico