The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Imperialism and Anti-Imperialism

Living Edition
| Editors: Immanuel Ness, Zak Cope

Adivasis and Resistance to Imperialism

  • Bernard D’MelloEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91206-6_165-1
  • 6 Downloads

“We should not … be too frightened by the word ‘archaic.’”

“Marx–Zasulich Correspondence: Letters and Drafts,” February–March 1881, Karl Marx in Teodor Shanin (1983, p. 107)

“… imperialism is a way of life of capitalism. Therefore, the elimination of imperialism requires the overthrow of capitalism.

Harry Magdoff (1978, p. 261)

Synonyms

Definition

From the colonial age to the present, Adivasi peasants in India have been resisting the ongoing brutal, planned, and discontinuous processes of commoditization of land, commercialization of forests, and proletarianization of labor, by resort to insurgency. The Kol insurrection of 1831–1832, the Santal hool (rebellion) of 1855, and the Birsaite ulgulan (great tumult) of 1899–1900, against the Sarkar–sahukar–zamindar (colonial government–moneylender–landlord) trinity in the colonial age; and the Naxalite/Maoist–Adivasi insurgency against the...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Baran, P. A. (1957). The political economy of growth. New York: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bharadwaj, S. (2009). Gravest displacement, bravest resistance: The struggle of the Adivasis of Bastar, Chhattisgarh against imperialist corporate land-grab. http://sanhati.com/excerpted/1545/
  3. Bharati, M., & Rao, R. S. (1999). Linking Development and Displacement. Economic & Political Weekly, 34(22), 1374–1375.Google Scholar
  4. Burkett, P. (1999). Marx and nature. New York: St. Martin’s Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. D’Mello, B. (2018). India after Naxalbari: Unfinished history. New York: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
  6. Dasgupta, R. (1981). Structure of the labour market in colonial India. Economic & Political Weekly, 16(44/46), 1781–1806.Google Scholar
  7. Devalle, S. B. C. (1981). The peasantry and the ethnic factor: The Adivasis from Chota Nagpur (India). In: Aguero C (Ed.), Peasantry and national integration. Mexico: Colegio de Mexico. https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv233p1r.16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Devalle, S. B. C. (1992). Discourses of ethnicity: Culture and protest in Jharkhand. New Delhi: Sage.Google Scholar
  9. Foster, J. B. (2015). The new imperialism of globalized monopoly-finance capital: An introduction. Monthly Review, 67(3), 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Frank, A. G. (1966). The development of underdevelopment. Monthly Review, 18(4), 17–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ghosh, K. (1999). A market for aboriginality: Primitivism and race classification in the indentured labour market in colonial India. In G. Bhadra, G. Prakash, & S. Tharu (Eds.), Subaltern studies X: Writings on south Asian history and society (pp. 8–48). Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Gough, K. (1974). Indian peasant uprisings. Economic and Political Weekly, 9(32), 1391–1412.Google Scholar
  13. Guha, R. (1983). Elementary aspects of peasant insurgency in colonial India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Hardiman, D. (2015). Adivasi. In G. Dharampal-Frick, M. Kirloskar-Steinbach, R. Dwyer, & J. Phalkey (Eds.), Key concepts in modern Indian studies (pp. 3–4). New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Harvey, D. (2007). A brief history of neoliberalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Human Rights Watch. (2008). “Being neutral is our biggest crime”: Government, vigilante, and Naxalite abuses in India’s Chhattisgarh State. New York: Human Rights Watch. https://www.hrw.org/reports/2008/india0708/
  17. Independent Citizens’ Initiative. (2006). War in the heart of India: An enquiry into the ground situation in Dantewara District, Chhattisgarh. No Place: Independent Citizen’s Initiative. https://cpjc.files.wordpress.com/2007/07/ici-warintheheartofindia.pdf
  18. Kowalik, T. (2014). Rosa Luxemburg: Theory of accumulation and imperialism. Translated and edited by Jan Toporowski and Hanna Szymborska. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  19. Luxemburg, R.. (1951/1913). The accumulation of capital. Translated from the German by Agnes Schwarzschild. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  20. Magdoff, H. (1968). The age of imperialism. New York: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
  21. Magdoff, H. (1978). Imperialism: From the colonial age to the present. New York: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
  22. Magdoff, F. (2013). Twenty-first century land grabs: Accumulation by agricultural dispossession. Monthly Review, 65(6), 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Marx, K. (1983). Marx–Zasulich correspondence: Letters and drafts. In T. Shanin (Ed.), Late Marx and the Russian road: Marx and the peripheries of capitalism (pp. 97–126). New York: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
  24. Miklian, J. (2009). The purification hunt: The Salwa Judum counterinsurgency in Chhattisgarh, India. Dialectical Anthropology, 33, 441–449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Navlakha, G. (2012). Days and nights in the heartland of rebellion. New Delhi: Penguin.Google Scholar
  26. Navlakha, G., & D’Mello, B. (2013, June 8). In a Guerrilla zone: Two reigns of political violence in Bastar. MROnline. https://mronline.org/2013/06/08/dn080613-html/
  27. Planning Commission. (2013). Twelfth five year plan (2012 – 2017), Volume I. New Delhi: Sage Publications. Google Scholar
  28. PUDR–PUCL. (2006). When the state makes war on its own people: A report on the violation of people’s rights during the Salwa Judum campaign in Dantewada. Delhi: People’s Union for Democratic Rights and People’s Union for Civil Liberties.Google Scholar
  29. Ratnagar, S. (2003). Our tribal past. Social Scientist, 31(1/2), 17–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Roy Burman, B. K. (2009). What has driven the tribals of central India to political extremism? Mainstream, 47(44). https://www.mainstreamweekly.net/article1704.html
  31. Shah, A. (2010). In the shadows of the state: Indigenous politics, environmentalism, and insurgency in Jharkhand, India. Durham/London: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Shrivastava, A., & Kothari, A. (2012). Churning the earth: The making of global India. New Delhi: Penguin-Viking.Google Scholar
  33. Singh, K. S. (1966). The dust storm and the hanging mist: A study of Birsa Munda and his movement in Chhotanagpur, 1874–1901. Calcutta: Firma K L Mukhopadhyay.Google Scholar
  34. Sweezy, P. M. (1967). Notes on the centennial of das Kapital. Monthly Review, 19(7), 1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sweezy, P. M. (1978). Corporations, the state, and imperialism. Monthly Review, 30(6), 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sweezy, P. M. (1994). The triumph of financial capital. Monthly Review, 46(2), 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Union Ministry of Home Affairs. (2004). Annual report, 2003–04. New Delhi: Government of India.Google Scholar
  38. Union Ministry of Home Affairs. (2005). Annual report, 2004–05. New Delhi: Government of India.Google Scholar
  39. Wallerstein, I. (1976). From feudalism to capitalism: Transition or transitions? Social Forces, 55(2), 273–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wallerstein, I. (1986). “Braudel on capitalism and the market,” and “Paul Sweezy’s comments”. Monthly Review, 37(9), 11–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Xaxa, V. (1999). Transformation of tribes in India: Terms of discourse. Economic & Political Weekly, 34(24), 1519–1524.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MumbaiIndia