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Endophytic Pseudomonads and Their Metabolites

  • Apekcha BajpaiEmail author
  • Bhavdish N. Johri
Reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)

Abstract

Plant microbiome is crucial in maintaining both plant health and ecosystem functioning. Rapid advance in next-generation sequencing technology has brought about a paradigm shift in our understanding of plant microbiome. This has especially shed light on selective colonization of microbes in root compartments, i.e., rhizosphere, rhizoplane, and endosphere. A growing body of evidence reveals the predominance of the phylum Proteobacteria in endomicrobiome of several crop plants. Additionally, Pseudomonas is found to be a widely distributed genus within Proteobacteria which exists in both above and below ground plant parts. Pseudomonads are extensively exploited for their metabolic potential and adaptability toward endophytic lifestyle in contrast with their rhizospheric counterpart and fungal endophytes. This together develops a better understanding of the genus Pseudomonas as key determinants in plant health including their role as biocontrol agents. In this chapter, we discuss pseudomonads with endomicrobiome perspectives, their atypical characteristics with respect to rhizospheric microbes, and influence of metabolites in context with their role in plant growth and biocontrol. A comprehensive understanding about selection of endophytic lifestyle will perhaps provide better opportunities to improve plant performance and pathogen resistance.

Keywords

Pseudomonas Endosphere Biocontrol Plant growth promotion Rhizosphere 

Abbreviations

2, 4-DAPG

2, 4-diacetylphloroglucinol

ACC

1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate

AntiSMASH

Antibiotic and secondary metabolite cluster analysis

CNN

Competition for niches and nutrients

DGGE

Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis

HCN

Hydrogen cyanide

IAA

Indole acetic acid

ISR

Induce systemic resistance

NRPS

Non-ribosomal peptide synthases

OTUs

Operational taxonomic units

PGPR

Plant growth promotory rhizobacteria

TAD

Take-all disease

TRIS

Tracking root interaction system

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by the grants of National Academy of Sciences India, Allahabad (Grant number NAS/201/7/2017-18) to BNJ as NASI Senior Scientist at the Department of Biotechnology, Barkatullah University, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyBarkatullah UniversityBhopalIndia

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