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Identification and Determination of Characteristics of Endophytes from Rice Plants

  • Hadis Yousefi
  • N. HasanzadehEmail author
Reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)

Abstract

Rice is the staple food of more than half of the world’s population. It is considered the oldest and the most important crop throughout the world, especially in Asia. Considerable agricultural areas are under cultivation of rice in the world. Studies on beneficial microbial interactions that lead to plant health and development are significantly increasing. Local and systemic colonizing microorganisms of plant tissues that have beneficial effects, such as increasing access to food or suppressing pathogens, are parts of endophytic populations. In this article, we tried to highlight the recent studies about identification and determination of characteristics of endophytes from various rice cultivars in the world. Numerous evidence show that rice plant harbors beneficial bacterial endophytic communities. These endophytes have many capabilities including plant growth-promoting activity, plant protection against biotic and abiotic stresses, and synergistic interactions with root-colonizing bacteria, which, in turn, are all in the direction of sustainable agriculture for sustainable agriculture development.

Keywords

Endophytic bacteria Rice Physiological characteristics Molecular identification Plant growth-promoting potential Antagonistic activity 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Food IndustriesScience and Research Branch of Islamic Azad UniversityTehranIran

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