Encyclopedia of Social Insects

Living Edition
| Editors: Christopher Starr

Dacetine Ants

  • Keiichi MasukoEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90306-4_34-1

Taxonomy and Distribution

The dacetine ants are a group of genera within the subfamily Myrmicinae. The classification of the group has a long, somewhat contradictory history since the tribe Dacetini was first recognized [1, 2]. A recent molecular phylogenetic analysis concludes that it is not monophyletic and places it within the tribe Attini [13]. In that revision, the “dacetine ants” split into two rather distant genus groups, one represented by Strumigenys and the other by Daceton and all other genera from the old Dacetini. These latter are Acanthognathus, Epopostruma, Mesostruma, Microdaceton, and Orectognathus. Strumigenys are distributed worldwide, while Daceton is a Neotropical genus, and other genera are each restricted to either Africa, the Neotropics, or Australia and Melanesia [2].

Predatory Behavior

After many of the previous “dacetine” genera were synonymized with Strumigenys, this genus came to include more than 800 described species [3]. These are extremely diverse in...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.
    Baroni Urbani, C., & de Andrade, M. L. (2007). The ant tribe Dacetini: Limits and constituent genera, with descriptions of new species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria, 99, 1–191.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bolton, B. (2000). The ant tribe Dacetini. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 65, 1–1028.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bolton B. 2018. AntWeb: Ants of Bolton World Catalog. https://www.antweb.org/project.do?name=worldantsGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Brown, W. L., Jr. (1955). The first social parasite in the ant tribe Dacetini. Insectes Sociaux, 2, 181–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Brown, W. L., Jr., & Wilson, E. O. (1959). The evolution of the dacetine ants. Qaurterly Review of Biology, 34, 278–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dejean, A., Delabie, J. H., Corbara, B., Azemar, F., Groc, S., et al. (2012). The ecology and feeding habits of the arboreal trap-jawed ant Daceton armigerum. PLoS One, 7, e37683.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gray, K., Cover, S., Johnson, R., & Rabeling, C. (2018). The dacetine ant Strumigenys arizonica, an apparent obligate commensal of the fungus-growing ant Trachymyrmex arizonensis in Southwestern North America. Insectes Sociaux.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00040-018-0625-8.
  8. 8.
    Gronenberg, W. (1996). The trap-jaw mechanism in the dacetine ants Daceton armigerum and Strumigenys sp. Journal of Experimental Biology, 199, 2021–2033.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gronenberg, W., Brandão, C. R. F., Dietz, B. H., & Just, S. (1998). Trap-jaws revisited: The mandible mechanism of the ant Acanthognathus. Physiological Entomology, 23, 227–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lee, C.-C., Hsu, S.-F., Yang, C.-C. S., & Lin, C.-C. (2018). Thelytokous parthenogenesis in the exotic dacetine ant Strumigenys rogeri (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Taiwan. Entomological Science, 21, 28–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Masuko, K. (2009). Studies on the predatory biology of oriental dacetine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) II. Novel prey specialization in Pyramica benten. Journal of Natural History, 43, 825–841.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Moffett, M. W., & Tobin, J. E. (1991). Physical castes in ant workers: A problem for Dacetion armigerum and other ants. Psyche, 98, 283–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ward, P. S., Brady, S. G., Fisher, B. L., & Schultz, T. R. (2015). The evolution of myrmicine ants: Phylogeny and biogeography of a hyperdiverse ant clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology, 40, 61–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wesson, L. G. (1936). Contributions toward the bioogy of Strumigenys pergandei: A new food relationship among ants (hymen.: Formicidae). Entomological News, 47, 171–174.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wilson, E. O., & Brown, W. L. (1956). New parasitic ants of the genus Kyidris, with notes on ecology and behavior. Insectes Sociaux, 3, 439–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wilson, E. O., & Hölldobler, B. (1986). Ecology and behavior of the neotropical cryptobiotic ant Basiceros manni (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Basicerotini). Insectes Sociaux, 33, 70–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biological LaboratorySenshu UniversityKawasakiJapan