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Myrmicine ants of the genus Temnothorax are generally small (body length 2–4 mm), with colony sizes ranging from fewer than 100 workers up to large, polydomous colonies of 1300 workers. There are nearly 400 named species in the genus, most of which can be found in the Holarctic Region, although with a few exceptions (e.g., four species in the Afrotropics) . The taxonomic history of Temnothorax is closely linked with genus Leptothorax, with several revisions before 2003 treating Temnothorax as a junior synonym or subgenus of Leptothorax. In 2003, Temnothorax was revived as a genus with many junior synonyms: Antillaemyrmex, Chalepoxenus, Croesomyrmex, Dichothorax, Icothorax, Chalepoxenus, Macromischa, Myrafant, Myramammophilus, Myrmoxenus, and Protomognathus. Additionally, Myrmetaerus and Epimyrma are junior synonyms for Myrmoxenus, and Leonomyrma is a junior synonym of Chalepoxenus.
A notable feature of many species in the genus is...
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