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Cardiovascular and Central Nervous System Toxicity by Anticancer Drugs in Breast Cancer Patients

  • Gianfranco Natale
  • Guido BocciEmail author
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Breast cancer is one of the most malignant diseases, associated with high rate mortality. In this chapter a particular attention is paid on cardiovascular and central nervous system toxicity induced by chemotherapeutic agents used for both primary and metastatic treatment of this life-threatening pathology. With respect to traditional drugs, including anthracyclines, taxanes, fluoropyrimidines, and endocrine therapy, the more recent targeted therapies, such as human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), aimed to ameliorate anticancer activity and to reduce toxic effects by affecting more specific molecular sites. However, despite the improvement in breast cancer treatment, these novel drugs were also found to be associated, even if at a lesser extent, with important side effects, such as cardiotoxicity, with consequent heart failure. For this reason, the cardiovascular and neuropsychiatric safety profiles of all anticancer drugs and protocols remain important items to be carefully evaluated in breast cancer patients.

Keywords

Alkylating agents Anthracyclines Brain toxicity Cardioprotection Cardiotoxicity Endocrine therapy ERB2 inhibitors Fluoropyrimidines Taxanes VEGF inhibitors 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Ricerca Traslazionale e delle Nuove Tecnologie in Medicina e Chirurgia, and Museo di Anatomia Umana “Filippo Civinini”Università di PisaPisaItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e SperimentaleUniversità di PisaPisaItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Raffaele Coppini
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Neurosciences, Psychology, Drug Research and Child HealthUniversity of FlorenceFlorenceItaly

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