Risk and Protective Factors for Cyberbullying Perpetration and Victimization

  • Denise WilsonEmail author
  • Kirsten Witherup
  • Allison Ann Payne
Reference work entry


Bullying perpetration and victimization continues to be a public health concern in the United States and abroad. In the early 1990s the focus was on traditional interpersonal bullying, but as face-to-face communication has expanded into online settings, bullying has also moved into the realm of cyberspace. In recent years, there have been several studies examining various aspects of cyberbullying. This chapter reviews the research on risk and protective factors associated with cyberbullying perpetration and cyberbullying victimization. Future research needs and implications for prevention and intervention are also discussed.


Cyberbullying Interpersonal bullying Risk factors Protective factors 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Denise Wilson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kirsten Witherup
    • 2
  • Allison Ann Payne
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology and CriminologyVillanova UniversityRadnor TownshipUSA
  2. 2.Department of Behavioral SciencesYork College of PennsylvaniaYorkUSA

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