Advertisement

Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus): Biodiversity, Nutritional Contents, and Health

  • Shrikant Baslingappa SwamiEmail author
  • Sandeep Baban Kalse
Reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)

Abstract

Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) is an ancient fruit and is consumed either raw or processed into different value-added products. Jackfruit seeds are normally discarded or steamed and eaten as a snack or used in some local dishes; seed flour is used in some biscuit factories in various bakery products, etc. The use of jackfruit bulbs, seeds, and its other parts has also been reported since ancient times for their therapeutic qualities. The health benefits of jackfruit have been attributed to its wide range of physicochemical applications. It contains high levels of carbohydrates, protein, starch, calcium, vitamins, free sugar (sucrose), fatty acids, ellagic acid, and amino acids like arginine, cystine, histidine, leucine, lysine, methionine, theanine, and tryptophan. The jackfruit has diverse medicinal uses especially antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anticancer, and antifungal activity. This chapter describes an overview of the functional, medicinal, nutritional, and health aspects of jackfruit.

Keywords

Jackfruit Antioxidant Jacalin 

Abbreviations

Caf-A

Caffeic acid

FA

Ferulic acid

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FDT

Fast-dissolving tablets

GA

Gallic acid

GL

Glycemic load

HbA1c

Hemoglobin A1c

HDL-C

High-density lipoprotein cholesterol

IAUC

Incremental area under curve

LDL-C

Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol

NO

Nitric oxide

NSS

Normal serving size

TA

Tannic acid

UDL

Under detection limit

References

  1. 1.
    Jagadeesh SL, Reddy BS, Basavaraj N, Swamy GSK, Kirankumar G (2007) Inter tree variability for fruit quality in jackfruit selections of Western Ghats of India. J Sci Hortic 112(4):382–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baliga MS, Shivashankara AR, Haniadka R, Dsouza J, Bhat HP (2011) Phytochemistry, nutritional and pharmacological properties of Artocarpusheterophyllus Lam (jackfruit): a review. Food Res Int 44(7):1800–1811CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Reddy BMC, Patil P, Kumar SS, Govindaraju LR (2014) Studies on physico-chemical characteristics of jackfruit clones of South Karnataka. Karnataka J Agric Sci 17(2):279–282Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Prakash O, Kumar R, Mishra A, Gupta R (2009) Artocarpusheterophyllus (jackfruit): an overview. Pharmacogn Rev 3(6):353–358Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wangchu L, Singh D, SK M (2013) Studies on the diversity and selection of superior types in jackfruit (Artocarpusheterophyllus Lam.). Genet Resour Crop Evol 60(5):1749–1762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dutta H, Paul SK, Kalita D, Mahanta CL (2011) Effect of acid concentration and treatment time on acid-alcohol modified jackfruit seed starch properties. Food Chem 128(2):284–291PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Siti BZ, Rosma A (2011) Artocarpus integer leaf protease: purification and characterisation. Food Chem 129(4):1523–1529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lin KW, Liu CH, Tu HY, Ko HH, Wei BL (2009) Antioxidant prenylflavonoids from Artocarpus communis and Artocarpus elasticus. Food Chem 115(2):558–562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Maia JGS, Andrade EHA, Zoghbi MDGB (2004) Aroma volatiles from two fruit varieties of jackfruit (Artocarpusheterophyllus Lam.). Food Chem 85(2):195–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hameed BH (2009) Removal of cationic dye from aqueous solution using jackfruit peel as nonconventional low-cost adsorbent. J Hazard Mater 162(1):344–350PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Aziz A (2006) Development of an innovative ingredient from jackfruit seed flour in health bakery products. Universiti Sains MalaysiaGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Swami SB, Thakor NJ, Haldankar PM, Kalse SB (2012) Jackfruit and its many functional components as related to human health: a review. Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf 11:565–576CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Haque MA (1991) Village and forestry in Bangladesh. Joint Publication of Bangladesh Agricultural University and SAARC Documentation Center, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Noor F, Rahman MJ, Mahomud MS, Akter MS, Talukder MAI, Ahmed M (2014) Physicochemical properties of flour and extraction of starch from jackfruit seed. Int J Nutr Food Sci 3(4):347–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ko FN, Cheng ZJ, Lin CN, Teng CM (1998) Scavenger and antioxidant properties of prenylflavones isolated from Artocarpusheterophyllus. Free Radic Biol Med 25:160–168PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chandrika UG, Wedage WS, Wickramasinghe SMDN, Fernando WS (2006) Hypoglycaemic action of the flavonoid fraction of Artocarpus heterophyllus leaf. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med 3:42–50Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Trindade MB, Lopes JL, Costa SCA (2006) Structural characterization of novel chitin-binding lectins from the genes Artocarpus and their fungal activity. Biochim Biophys Acta 1764:146–152PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lagouge M, Argmann C, Zachary G, Meziane H, Lerin C, Daussin F, Messadeq N, Milne J, Lambert P, Elliott P, Geny B, Laakso M, Puigserver P, Auwerx J (2006) Resveratrol improves mitochondrial function and protects against metabolic disease by activating SIRT1 and PGC-1a. Cell 127:1109–1122PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shen T, Wang XN, Lou HX (2009) Natural stilbenes: an overview. Nat Prod Rep 26:916–935PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ribatti D, Gulandris A, Bastaki M, Vacca A, Iurlaro M, Roncali L (1997) New model for the study of angiogenesis and antiangiogenesis in the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane: the gelatin sponge/chorioallantoic membrane assay. J Vasc Res 34:455–463PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Oktavia S, Wijayanti N, Retnoaji B (2017) Anti-angiogenic effect of Artocarpusheterophyllus seed methanolic extract in ex ovo chicken chorioallantoic membrane. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 7(3):240–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Vidyadhara S, Sasidhar RL, Lakshmi HD, P V, Vijetha K (2017) Studies on jackfruit seed starch as a novel natural superdisintegrant for the design and evaluation of irbesartan fast dissolving tablets. Integr Med Res 6(3):280–291.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.imr.2017.04.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Fang SC, Hsu CL, Yen GC (2008) Anti-inflammatory effects of phenolic compounds isolated from the fruits of Artocarpusheterophyllus. J Agric Food Chem 56(12):4463–4468PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Omar HS, El-Beshbishy HA, Moussa Z, Taha KF, Singab ANB (2011) Antioxidant activity of Artocarpusheterophyllus Lam. (Jack fruit) leaf extracts: remarkable attenuations of hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in streptozotocin-diabetic rats. Sci World J 11:788–800CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Nguyen NT, Nguyen MHK, Nguyen HX, Bui NKN, Nguyen MTT (2012) Tyrosinase inhibitors from the wood of Artocarpusheterophyllus. J Nat Prod 75(11):1951–1955PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Arung ET, Yoshikawa K, Shimizu K, Kondo R (2010) Isoprenoid-substituted flavonoids from wood of Artocarpusheterophyllus on B16 melanoma cells: cytotoxicity and structural criteria. Fitoterapia 81(2):120–123PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    De Faria AF, de Rosso VV, Mercadante AZ (2009) Carotenoid composition of jackfruit (Artocarpusheterophyllus), determined by HPLC-PDA-MS/MS. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 64(2):108–115PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Nakasone HY, Paull RE (1998) Tropical fruits. CAB International, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Roy SK, Joshi GD (1995) Minor fruits-tropical. In: Salunkhe DK (ed) Handbook of fruit science and technology. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, pp 570–573Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Narasimham P (1990) Breadfruit and jackfruit. In: Nagy S, Shaw PE, Wardowski WF (eds) Fruits of tropical and subtropical origin. Florida Science Source, Lake Alfred, pp 193–259Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Galaverna G, Di Silvestro G, Cassano A, Sforza S, Doceana A, Drioli E, Marchelli R (2008) A new integrated membrane process for the production of concentrated blood orange juice: effect on bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity. Food Chem 106:1021–1030CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Thaman RR, Ali I (1993) Agroforestry on smallholder sugar­cane farms in Fiji. In: Clarke WC, Thaman RR (eds) Agroforestry in the Pacifi Islands: Systems for Sustainability. United Nations University Press, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Sammadar HM (1985) Jackfruit. In: Bose TK, Mitra SK (eds) Fruits of India: tropical and subtropical. Naya Prokash, Calcutta, pp 638–649Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Guruprasad TR (1981) Studies on systematic selection of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) types. M.Sc.(Hort.)Thesis, University Agriculture Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Darlington CD, Wylie AP (1956) Chromosome atlas of flowering plants. Allen and Unwin, LondonGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Schnell RJ, Olano CT, Campbell RJ, Brown JS (2001) AFLP analysis of genetic diversity within a jackfruit germplasm collection. Sci Hortic 91:261–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Azad AK, Jones JG, Haq N (2007) Assessing morphological and isozyme variation of jackfruit (Artocarpusheterophyllus Lam.) in Bangladesh. Agrofor Syst 71:109–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Akashi Y, Fukuda N, Wako T, Masuda M (2002) Genetic variation and phylogenetic relationships in east and south Asian melons, Cucumis melo L., based on the analysis of fie isozymes. Euphytica 125:385–396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Azad AK (2000) Genetic diversity of jackfruit in Bangladesh and development of propagation methods. Ph.D Thesis, Universityof Southampton, UK. 200 pGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Haq N (2006) Jackfruit, Artocarpusheterophyllus, Southampton Center for Underutilised Crops, University of Southampton, Southampton. 192 pGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Arkroyd WR, Gopalan C, Balasubramanuyam SC (1996) The nutritive value of Indian food and the planning of satisfaction diet. September Report Series, New Delhi: Indian Council of medical Research, p 42Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Gunasena HPM, Ariyadasa KP, Wikramasinghe A, Herath HMW, Wikramasinghe P, Rajakaruna SB (1996) Manual of Jack cultivation in Sri Lanka. Forest Information Service, Forest Department: 48Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Cadenas E, Packer L (1996) Hand book of antioxidants. Plenum Publishers, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Krinsky NI, Landrum JT, Bone RA (2003) Biologic mechanisms of the protective role of lutein and zeaxanthin in the eye. Annu Rev Nutr 23:171–201PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Stahl W, Sies H (2005) Bioactivity and protective effects of natural carotenoids. Biochim Biophys Acta Mol basis Dis 1740:101–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Chandrika UG, Jansz ER, Warnasuriya ND (2005) Analysis of carotenoids in ripe jackfruit (Artocarpusheterophyllus) kernel and study of their bioconversion in rats. J Sci Food Agric 85:186–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Bobbio FO, El-Dash AA, Bobbio PA, Rodrigues LR (1978) Isolation and characterization of the physicochemical properties of starch of jackfruit seeds (Artocarpusheterophyllus). J Cereal Chem 55:505–511Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Hettiarchi UPK, Ekanayake S, Welihinda J (2010) Nutritional assessment of jackfruit (Artocarpusheterophyllus) meal. Ceylon Med J 56(2):54–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    James O, Friday E (2010) Phytochemical composition, Bioactivity and wound healing potential of euphorbia Heterophylla (euphorbiaceae) leaf extract. Int J Pharm Biomed Res 1(1):54–63Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Barua AG, Boruah BR (2004) Minerals and functional groups present in the jackfruit seed: a spectroscopic investigation. J Food Sci Nutr 55:479–483.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09637480400015810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Tulyathan V, Tananuwong K, Songjinda P, Jaiboon N (2002) Some physicochemical properties of jackfruit (Artocarpusheterophyllus lam) seed flour and starch. Sci Asia 28:37–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Bhat AV, Pattabiraman TN (1989) Protease inhibitors from jackfruit seed (Artocarpus integrifolia). J Food Sci Technol 14(4):351–365Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Morton J (1987) Jackfruit (Artocarpusheterophyllus). In: Fruits of warm climates. Creative Resource Systems, Winterville, pp 58–64Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Singh A, Maurya S, Singh M, Singh U (2015) Studies on the phenolic acid contents in different parts of raw and ripe jackfruit and their importance in human health. Int J Appl Sci Res Rev 2:69–73Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Mukprasirt A, Sajjaanantakul K (2004) Physico-chemical properties of flour and starch from jackfruit seeds. Int J Food Sci Technol 39(3):271–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Ocloo FCK, Bansa D, Boatin R, Adom T, Agbemavor WS (2010) Physico-chemical, functional and pasting characteristics of flour produced from jackfruits (Artocarpusheterophyllus) seeds. Agric Biol J N Am 1(5):903–908CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Kinsella JE (1976) Functional properties of proteins in food – a survey. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 7:219–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Kumar S, Singh AB, Abidi AB, Upadhyay RG, Singh A (1988) Proximate composition of jack fruit seeds. J Food Sci Technol 25:308–309Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Rahman MA, Nahar N, Mian AJ, Mosihuzzaman M (1999) Variation of carbohydrate composition of two forms of fruit from jack tree (Artocarpus heterophyllus L) with maturity and climatic conditions. Food Chem 65:91–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Gupta D, Mann S, Sood A, Gupta RK (2011) Phytochemical, nutritional and antioxidant activity evaluation of seeds of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus lam.). Int J Pharm Bio Sci 2(1):336–345Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Fernandes F, Ferreres F, Gil-Izquierdo A, Oliveira A, Valentão P, Andrade PB (2017) ccumulation of primary and secondary metabolites in edible jackfruit seed tissues and scavenging of reactive nitrogen species. J Food Chem 233:85–95PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Dayal R, Seshadri TR (1974) Colourless compounds of the roots of Artocarpusheterophyllus. Isolation of new compound artoflavone. Indian J Chem 12:895–896Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Spano D, Zollo M (2012) Tumor microenvironment: a main actor in the metastasis process. Clin Exp Metastasis 29:381–395PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Sagar SM, Yance D, Wong RK (2006) Natural health products that inhibit angiogenesis: a potential source for investigational new agents to treat cancer – part 1. Curr Oncol 13:14–26PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Rowe DP, Garner RJ, Chaudhri SA (1985) Artocarpus Heterophyllus jackfruit. The propagation of tropical fruit trees, commonwealth bureau of horticulture and plantation crops. FAO, Rome, pp 269–290Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Gowri SK, Divya S, Ignacimuthu S, James AP, Albin TF (2017) In vitro and in silico anticancer effect of combined crude acetone extracts of Plumbago zeylanica L., Limonia acidissima L. and Artocarpusheterophyllus Lam. J Synergy 5:15–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Eldhose B, Notario V, Latha MS (2013) Evaluation of phytochemical constituents and in vitro antioxidant activities of Plumbago indica root extracts. J Pharm 2:157–161Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Attarde DL, Chaudhari BJ, Bhambar RS (2011) Phytochemical investigation and in vitro antioxidant activity of extracts from leaves of Limonia acidissima linn. (Rutaceae). J Pharm Res 4(3):766–768Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Thapa N, Thapa P, Bhandari J, Niraula P, Shrestha N, Shrestha BG (2016) Study of phytochemical, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of Artocarpusheterophyllus. Nepal J Biotechnol 4:47–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Cheplick S, Kwon YI, Bhowmik P, Shetty K (2010) Phenolic linked variation in strawberry cultivars for potential dietary management of hyperglycemia and related complications of hypertension. Bioresour Technol 101:404–413PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Fernando MR, Wickramasinghe SM, Thabrew MI, Ariyaratne PL, Karunanayake EH (1991) J Ethnopharmacol 31:277–282PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Chackrewarthy S, Thabrew MI, Weerasuriya M, Jayasekera S (2010) Evaluation of the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of an ethyl acetate fraction of Artocarpus heterophyllus (jak) leaves in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Phcog Mag 6:186–190PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Sathyavathi GV, Gupta AK, Tandon N (1987) Medicinal plants of India. ICMR, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Ajaiya Kumar SK, Merlin RS, Athira CR (2017) Control of blood glucose level ond glycated Haemoglobin (Hbalc) with dietary jackfruit meal taken by type-II diabetic patients. Int J Sci Res 6(3):43–46Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Hettiaratchi UPK, Ekanayake S, Welihinda J (2011) Nutritional assessment of a jackfruit (Artocarpusheterophyllus) meal. Ceylon Med J 56:54–58PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Sajilata M, Singhal S, Kulkarni P (2006) Resistant starch – a review. Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf 5(1):1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Atkinson F, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller (2008) International tables of glycaemic index and glycaemic load values. Diabetes Care 31:2281–2283PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Suresh Kumar G, Appukttan PS, Basu DK (1982) D-Galactose – specific lectin from jack fruit seed. J Biosci 4:257–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Pereira-da-Silva GAN, Moreno F, Marques C, Jamur A, Panunto-Castelo MC (2006) Neutrophil activation induced by the lectin KM+ involves binding to CXCR2. Biochim Biophys Acta 1(1):86–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Siddappa GS (1957) Development of products from jackfruit – canned jackfruit, frozen canned jackfruit and jackfruit jam. J Sci Ind Res 11:166–199Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Esmaillzadeh A, Azadbakht L (2008) Food intake patterns may explain the high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among Iranian women. J Nutr 138(8):1469–1475PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Russo F, Chimienti G, Riezzo G, Pepe G, Petrosillo G, Chiloiro M, Marconi E (2008) Inulin-enriched pasta affects lipid profile and Lp(a) concentrations in Italian young healthy male volunteers. Eur J Nutr 47(8):453–459PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Fan J, Watanabe T (2003) Inflammatory reactions in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. J Atheroscler Thromb 10:63–71PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Xu S, Touyz RM (2006) Reactive oxygen species and vascular remodeling in hypertension: still alive. Can J Cardiol 22(11):947–951PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Valko M, Leibfritz D, Moncol J, Cronin MT, Mazur M, Telser J (2007) Free radicals and antioxidants in normal physiological functions and human disease. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 39:44–84PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    FAOSTAT (2002) Database FAO. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome, 19.2Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Betancur-Ancona D, Gallegos-Tintore S, Chel Guerrero L (2004) Wet-fractionation of Phaseolus lunatus seeds: partial characterization of starch and protein. Sci Food Agr 84:1193–1201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Gebre-Mariam T, Schmidt PC (1996) Isolation and physicochemical properties of Enset starch. Starch-Starke 48:208–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Aldana DLM, Gómez BT, Oca MMM, Ayerdi SGS, Meraz FG, Pérez LAB (2011) Isolation and characterization of Mexican jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus L) seeds starch in two mature stages. Starch/Stärke 63:364–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Debjit B, Chiranjib B, Krishna K, Pankaj RMC (2009) Fast dissolving tablet: an overview. J Chem Pharm Res 1(1):163–177Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Mohanachandran PS, Sindhumol PG, Kiran TS (2011) Superdisintegrants: An overview. Int J Pharm Sci Rev Res 6:105–109Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Septama AW, Panichayupakaranant P (2015) Antibacterial assay-guided isolation of active compounds from Artocarpusheterophyllus heartwoods. Pharm Biol 53(11):1608–1613PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Wetprasit N, Threesangsri W, Klamklai N, Chulavatnatol M (2000) Jackfruit lectin, properties of mitogenicity and the inhibition of herpesvirus infection. Jpn J Infect Dis 53(4):156–161PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Fonseca KC, Morais NC, Queiroz MR, Silva MC, Gomes MS, Costa JO (2010) Purification and biochemical characterization of eumiliin from Euphorbia milii var. hislopii latex. Phytochemistry 71:708–715PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Jitendra R, Kalpana S, Shweta S, Kumar MS, Manish B (2014) Artocarpusheterophyllus (jackfruit) potential unexplored in dentistry – an overview. Univers J Pharm 03(01):50–55Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shrikant Baslingappa Swami
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sandeep Baban Kalse
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Post Harvest EngineeringPost Graduate Institute of Post Harvest ManagementKilla RohaIndia

Personalised recommendations