Bacterial Cellulose-Based Hydrogels: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications

  • Bhavana V. Mohite
  • Sunil H. Koli
  • Satish V. PatilEmail author
Reference work entry
Part of the Polymers and Polymeric Composites: A Reference Series book series (POPOC)


There is an importunate effort taking place worldwide to obtain the innovative hydrogels either from natural, synthetic, or mixed type polymers, ever since the breakthrough invention of the first hydrogel of polyhydroxy ethyl methacrylate. Predominantly the cellulose-based hydrogels attracted the attention of researchers due to its renewable, biodegradable biopolymeric nature. In comparison to plant cellulose (PC), the bacterial cellulose (BC) has been preferred due to its pure fibrous biomaterial nature, high crystallinity, ultrafine three-dimensional nanostructure network, high water absorption, superior mechanical properties, biocompatibility, and biodegradability. These promising valuable properties of BC exploit its use especially in hydrogel form in a variety of technological fields like a development of new bacterial cellulose-based hydrogels. The present review focused on its current synthesis methods and use in biomedicine, pharmaceutical, environment, agriculture, etc. In recent years BC itself and in combination have become the subject of intensive studies for the synthesis of hydrogels in search of properties and applications of BC-based hydrogels. On the whole, the review after introducing BC production and its properties discusses the synthesis of BC-based smart hydrogels with various composite materials, formation mechanism, and improved characters. The latest use of BC-based hydrogels in both well-established and innovative high-tech fields is emphatically reviewed. The review concludes with the need for future research with some suggestions for BC-based hydrogels to be commercialized as a smart biomaterial.


Biopolymer Microbial cellulose Biomaterial Biocompatible Biodegradable 



The author BVM is thankful to the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) for financial support under the Start-Up Research Grant (Young Scientist) File No. YSS/2015/001722. Authors are grateful to UGC and DST for making the research facilities available under the UGC-SAP-DRS-Phase-III and DST-FIST programs sanctioned to the School of Life Sciences.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bhavana V. Mohite
    • 1
  • Sunil H. Koli
    • 1
  • Satish V. Patil
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Life SciencesNorth Maharashtra UniversityJalgaonIndia
  2. 2.North Maharashtra Culture Collection CentreNorth Maharashtra UniversityJalgaonIndia

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