Physical, Psychological/Psychiatric, Social, and Spiritual Problems and Symptoms

  • Philip J. SiddallEmail author
  • Roderick D. MacLeod
Reference work entry


The person who presents to the clinician in the palliative care setting is not only afflicted by physical symptoms. They bring with them a complex, rich but often disabling tapestry of psychological symptoms as well as social disruption and existential or spiritual symptoms, such as loss of identity, meaning, and purpose. Exploring these various aspects that are framed within the biopsychosocial-spiritual model seeks to address all potential interests, worries, and questions of the person and provide a full “scientific” picture of each individual. This is a fundamental aspect of palliative care, to enable and support the whole person to be supported in living with a terminal illness.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pain ManagementHammondCareSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Sydney Medical School – NorthernUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.The University of Sydney School of MedicineSydneyAustralia
  4. 4.Palliative Care, HammondCareUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  5. 5.Harbour HospiceAucklandNew Zealand

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