Importance of Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives in Applications of Bacterial Cellulose-Based Hydrogels for Sustainable Development

  • Nibedita SahaEmail author
  • Nabanita Saha
  • Tomas Sáha
  • Petr Sáha
Living reference work entry
Part of the Polymers and Polymeric Composites: A Reference Series book series (POPOC)


Currently, there is a wide range of consensus and awareness regarding whether nature can help or provide feasible solutions to achieve more inclusive and sustainable growth in a smart, “engineered” way. Similarly, for sustainable development the appearance of multi-stakeholder initiatives (MSIs) among companies, governments, and civil society organizations is also remarkable as they enable them to motivate and share knowledge, expertise, technology, and financial resources. This crucial idea arises in relation to how nature-based solutions provide sustainable, cost-effective, multi-purpose, and flexible alternatives for various objectives. For example, applications of bacterial cellulose (BC), which is synthesized by various bacteria, have great potential in a number of fields, such as food, biomedical material, cosmetics, healthcare, paper making, and other applications, but has a mostly untapped potential for contributing to cellulose-based hydrogels – that is, its smart applications. This work adds detailed discussion of aspects of MSIs (science, policy, business, and society, including small and medium-sized enterprises [SMEs] and public and private investors) relating to BC and BC-based hydrogels (BHs) and the various novel applications that promote the innovative, multi-purpose, dynamic capability intended for commercially exploitable BC and BC-based biocomposite products, in the form of hydrogen. To exploit new and emerging research opportunities for BC and BHs, this work reveals the significance of building an innovative platform such as the European Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy (KBBE) to bring together all of these advancements in cellulose-based hydrogels in simulated pathways for novel applications.


Bacterial cellulose Hydrogels Multi-stakeholders initiatives (MSIs) Societal challenges Sustainable 



This work was conducted within the framework of COST Action MP1301 “New Generation Biomimetic and Customized Implants for Bone Engineering”, NEWGEN ( and COST Action CA 15216 “European Network of Bioadhesion Expertise: Fundamental Knowledge to Inspire Advanced Bonding Technologies”, ENBA ( Nibedita Saha is thankful to the Director of the University Institute for providing a management support system (MSS) and infrastructure facility to carry out this research. Nibedita Saha dedicates this paper to her beloved only son, Kanishka Binayak Saha.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nibedita Saha
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nabanita Saha
    • 2
  • Tomas Sáha
    • 1
  • Petr Sáha
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University InstituteTomas Bata University in ZlínZlínCzech Republic
  2. 2.Centre of Polymer SystemsTomas Bata University in ZlinZlínCzech Republic

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