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Hemorrhagic Cystitis in the Critically Ill Cancer Patients

  • Chukwuma O. Kalu
  • Ala AbudayyehEmail author
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Cancer patients are at increased risk for cystitis due to primary bladder cancer, metastatic disease, infectious etiology due to immunosuppression, or chemical induced due to antineoplastic treatments or radiation induced. Patients at increased risk are ones receiving high dose chemotherapies such as stem cell transplant recipients. We will present urological complications in cancer patients with the associated risk factors, preventative measures, treatments, and outcomes. Morbidity and mortality associated with cancer treatments is further escalated when hemorrhagic cystitis ensues.

Keywords

Hematopoietic cell transplantation Stem cell transplantation Quality of life Allogeneic transplantation Hemorrhagic cystitis BK virus Hyperbaric oxygen Bladder dysfunction Platelet engraftment 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UTHealth and MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Division of Internal Medicine, Section of NephrologyThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

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