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Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) for the Acute Care Oncology Patient

  • Tamra KellyEmail author
  • David Ferson
Reference work entry

Abstract

Magnetic resonance imaging has evolved to become the gold standard in diagnosis, staging, and surveillance in cancer. The acute care oncology patient must be screened properly and transitioned to the MRI suite with safety in mind. First, patients undergo a rigorous preprocedural checklist and MRI metal screening questionnaire. The MRI is a complex machine and can cause many hazards to patients and staff, so when safety measures are followed thoroughly, complications are minimized. Many patients need sedation or general anesthesia to withstand the long scan times, and with an aging population, cardiac implanted electronic devices are utilized more frequently, which poses a challenge to those needing magnetic resonance imaging. MRI is deemed safer than other imaging modalities, but it does have its own complications, especially when patients are critically ill.

Keywords

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) MRI safety Cancer Screening MRI management MRI pharmacology CIED (cardiac implanted electronic device) Ferromagnetic Metal screen Claustrophobia Radiofrequency (RF) Tesla Gauss MRI management Pacemakers 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative MedicineUT MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Garry Brydges
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Department of AnesthesiologyThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

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