Care of the Postoperative Patient with Liver Cancer in the Intensive Care Unit

  • Clint WestawayEmail author
  • Nizy Samuel
  • Jean Nicolas Vauthey
Reference work entry


Cancers of the liver are increasing throughout the world. Cirrhosis, hepatitis B and C, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and metastases from cancers of the colon and the breast are some of the largest contributors to liver cancers. Many patients with chronic liver disease develop cirrhosis and then primary liver cancer. Cirrhosis may lead to increased fibrous tissue development and destruction of native liver cells. The exhaustion of the regenerative ability of the liver may contribute to the formation of hepatocellular carcinomas. Diagnosis of liver cancer is most frequently found through computed tomography (CT) and a rise in alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels. It may also be incidental to findings of another type of cancer, as in the metastatic form of cancer.


Hepatocellular carcinoma Cirrhosis Chronic liver disease Metastatic liver disease Child-Turcotte-Pugh score MELD score Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) Microwave ablation Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) Hepatectomy Portal vein embolization 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clint Westaway
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nizy Samuel
    • 1
  • Jean Nicolas Vauthey
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain MedicineThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Section, Department of Department of Surgical OncologyThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Garry Brydges
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology Division of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain MedicineThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

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