Alternatives to Blood Products

  • James M. Kelley
Reference work entry


Alternatives to blood products manage anemia and/or thrombocytopenia in patients while avoiding the risks of transfusion. Such strategies help preserve a limited blood supply, reduce exposure to donor blood products and possible transfusion reactions, and control financial costs related to blood. Alternatives can include improving blood production with nutrient supplementation or erythropoietin administration, using surgical techniques such as intraoperative cell salvage or acute normovolemic hemodilution, or administering pharmacologic agents to control bleeding such as antifibrinolytics and purified coagulation factors.


Transfusion alternatives Patient blood management Iron supplementation Bloodless medicine Bloodless surgery 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • James M. Kelley
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Laboratory MedicineThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

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