The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies

Living Edition
| Editors: Scott Romaniuk, Manish Thapa, Péter Marton

Social Justice and Change

  • Tamanna M. ShahEmail author
Living reference work entry


Justice is a norm or a standard used to establish fairness in a society. It is also understood as an idea that seeks to make an individual believe that everyone is equal in the eyes of the law. Justice, therefore, implies impartial treatment of all. Social justice is concerned with the equality of social order and fair distribution of opportunities, rewards, and needs within the society. It is a process that ensures rights are protected and realized to ensure all people are treated as equals in society. The discourse of social justice was initially centered on distribution. With time, it became divided between claims for redistribution and claims for recognition.

Social justice involves the actions of social actors who have a sense of their agency as well as a sense of social responsibility for society as a whole. Social justice is assessed using different parameters like equality, entitlement, and need. Some scholars view social justice in descriptive terms such as...


Justice Social change Equality 
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Further Reading

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA