The end of the Cold War marked a shift in the concept of security. No longer were the state and the protection of its territorial boundaries the primary focus behind the idea of security; rather a more comprehensive agenda of security that put people and human beings at the forefront arose. The concept of human security represents a departure from orthodox security studies that focus on the security of the state, namely, “national security.” The subjects of the human security approach are individuals and communities. Its end goal is the protection of people from traditional threats such as military violence and warfare and nontraditional threats such as poverty and disease. Moving the security agenda beyond state security does not mean replacing it but rather involves a complementary perspective.
Moving away from the realist and neorealist point of view, the 1994 United Nations Development Program’s Human Development Report (HDR) detailed a variety of security threats to...
KeywordsSecurity Civilians UN Critical Security Studies Poverty People
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