Spatial Production and Hybrid Placemaking in Marginalized Communities: An Academic Love Letter to Our Sons

  • Thu Sương Thị NguyễnEmail author
  • Brendan D. Maxcy
Living reference work entry


In this chapter, the authors present approaches to spatial production introduced by Henri Lefebvre along with complementary concepts suggesting how these approaches may shed light on the hybrid placemaking practices in and by marginalized communities. Recognizing the centrality of placemaking to the displaced and dislocated, an overview introduces Lefebvre’s approach to space and key concepts that derive from his insights. The authors draw from a Vietnamese Language and Culture Program to illustrate Lefebvre’s spatial practices, representations of space, and the spatial imaginary. These include a look at dispersal practices in refugee resettlement, a reconsideration of the program portables, and a look at the politics of pseudo-natural boundaries. Further, highlighted are central ideas that connect to their own personal experiences of hybrid placemaking that foreground the way this work speaks beyond “intellectually worked out signs,” but also to the body and to our affective and political commitments. The authors conclude with a discussion of how hybrid placemaking – informed by theories of spatial production – may yield new insights toward more socially just education that may have been foreclosed in traditional approaches to space and place.


Placemaking Hybrid placemaking Lefebvre Refugees Spatial production Spatial practices Representations of space Representational space/spatial imaginary Spaces of disrespect Spaces of denigration “Weapons of the weak” Periphery and center Reappropriation of space Marginal space Placemaking practices Productive resistance Spaces of deprivation Dislocations Sedimented practices “Pseudo-natural” boundaries (Dis)placement Agency Self-determination Lived space Perceived space Conceived space Alternative spatial practices “Undisciplined” laborers “Unruly” practices Space of lived parenthood Practice of love Socio-spatial arrangements Heritage language and culture 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thu Sương Thị Nguyễn
    • 1
    Email author
  • Brendan D. Maxcy
    • 1
  1. 1.Indiana University–Purdue University IndianapolisIndianapolisUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Marta Sánchez
    • 1
  1. 1.Instructional Technology, Foundations, and Secondary EducationUniversity of North Carolina WilmingtonWilmingtonUSA

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