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Engineered Nanomaterials in the Environment, Their Potential Fate and Behavior and Emerging Techniques to Measure Them

  • Hamid M. Pouran
Reference work entry

Abstract

After decades of research, nanoscience faces a historic moment: moving from fundamental research toward a publicly available technology, a turning point toward commercialization. Despite all perceived nanotechnology advantages, if their environmental impacts are not assessed in detail, this technology could adversely affect the environmental sustainability and health. Growing interests in manufacturing novel nanostructures and commercializing them is happening while there are major gaps in our understanding of their behavior in the environment. In this chapter, five of the most important nanomaterials, graphene, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), zinc oxides, titanium dioxide, and silver nanoparticles, have been briefly described. In addition, diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) technique as an emerging method with the possibility of determining the readily available concentrations of metal oxide nanomaterials in soil and water has been mentioned.

Keywords

Engineered nanomaterials Fate and behavior Emerging techniques Risk Toxicity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamid M. Pouran
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Science and EngineeringUniversity of WolverhamptonWolverhamptonUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Environmental SciencesNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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