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Photovoltaic Systems and Equipments for the Rural and Urban World

  • Mustapha Melhaoui
  • Kamal Hirech
  • Ilias Atmane
  • Khalil Kassmi
Reference work entry

Abstract

Climate change and emissions of certain gaseous pollutants due to the burning of fossil fuels have intensified the natural phenomenon of the greenhouse effect and led to an increase in temperature and environmental degradation. This phenomenon is likely to have significant impacts on the climate and ecosystems of the planet. The international community has therefore mobilized to propose alternatives to limit atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, with the objective of halving global emissions by 2050.

The problems of energy resources and the environmental impacts thus constitute one of the major concerns of the world organizations. The alternatives to be developed are the use of clean energies and the implementation of energy politics that use renewable energies (solar and photovoltaic energies, wind, biomass, etc.).

Our proposal aims to facilitate the sharing of information on current techniques in terms of photovoltaic renewable energies, under development, between scientific actors and civil society. It contributes to improving the knowledge of all actors concerned about climate change – means of improving the living conditions of populations in order to achieve sustainable development.

In this context, our objective, in collaboration with the socioeconomic partner sectors concerned with energy and environmental issues, is the development and promotion of renewable energy installations and the use of necessary applications such as lighting, water pumping, solar ovens, and solar desalination.

In this chapter, we present:
  • Introduction on the environment and renewable energies

  • Structure, operation, and results on optimized systems for the production of electrical energy

  • Equipment for acquisition, control, and energy management control

Keywords

PV system MPPT Charge controller System monitoring Remote system control 

Abbreviations

CU

Control unit

PV

Photovoltaic

DC/DC

Direct current/direct current converter

MPPT

Maximum power point tracking

MPP

Maximum power point

HMI

Human machine interface

MSS

Management and supervision system

VCO

Open circuit voltage

PWM

Pulse width modulation

Vpv

PV panel voltage (V)

Ipv

PV panel current (A)

Ppv

PV panel power (W)

Vbat

Battery voltage (V)

Ibat

Battery current (A)

Pbat

Battery charge power (W)

Ioct

Over charge terminate current (A)

CC

Short circuit

CO

Open circuit

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mustapha Melhaoui
    • 1
  • Kamal Hirech
    • 1
  • Ilias Atmane
    • 1
  • Khalil Kassmi
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, Team: Materials, Electronics and Renewable Energies MERE, Laboratory Electromagnetism Signal Processing and Renewable Energy LESPREMohamed Premier UniversityOujdaMorocco

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Environmental SciencesNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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